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Comparative floristic diversity of Southwest Primorye and neighboring areas of the Russian Far East

  • Kozhevnikov, Andrey Evhenijevicz (Department of Botany, Institute of Biology & Soil Science, Far East Branch of Russia Academy of Sciences) ;
  • Kozhevnikova, Zoya Vitalijevna (Department of Botany, Institute of Biology & Soil Science, Far East Branch of Russia Academy of Sciences) ;
  • Lee, Byoung Yoon (Plant Resources Division, National Institute of Biological Resources) ;
  • Kwak, Myounghai (Plant Resources Division, National Institute of Biological Resources)
  • Received : 2016.05.25
  • Accepted : 2017.02.07
  • Published : 2017.02.28

Abstract

Southwest Primorye is located in the southern most part of the Russian Far East. The flora of this area is one of the most thoroughly studied and contains 1,530 species of vascular plants, belonging to 622 genera and 154 families, representing 55.6% of the flora of the Primorsky Territory. The flora native to Southwest Primorye encompasses 1,356 species from 547 genera and 148 families. Adventitious plants are represented by 174 species from 127 genera and 37 families. Among other areas of the Russian Far East, only Southwest Primorye has flora in common with the Korean Peninsula, which contains plant species in the subtropical and tropical latitudes: Mitrasacme indica Wight, Halosciastrum melanotilingia [Boissieu] M. Pimen. et V. Tichomirov, Streptolirion volubile Edgew., Lipocarpha microcephala [R. Br.] Kunth, Pueraria lobata [Willd.] Ohwi, Belamcanda chinensis [L.] DC., Zoysia japonica Steud., Deinostema violacea [Maxim.] Yamazaki and Parthenocissus tricuspidata [Siebold et Zucc.] Planch. Most of the flora is represented by the species restricted to Southwest Primorye (seven endemic species) or the Korean Peninsula (seven hemiendemic species). A total of 50.2% of the 10 largest families are nemoral (preboreal) floras, located in the transitional zone of the boreal and nemoral floras. In terms of the structure of the ranked taxonomic spectrum of the largest families, the flora of Southwest Primorye is more similar to that of Northeast China with influence of the Korean flora.

Keywords

indigenous plants;natural flora;Primorye;Russian Far East;taxonomical spectra

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Institute of Biological Resources(NIBR)

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