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Report of 21 unrecorded bacterial species in Korea belonging to Betaproteobacteria and Epsilonproteobacteria

  • Kim, Min-Kyeong (Department of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Seong, Chi-Nam (Department of Biology, Sunchon National University) ;
  • Jahng, Kwangyeop (Department of Biological Sciences, Chonbuk National Universty) ;
  • Cha, Chang-Jun (Department of Biotechnology, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Joh, Ki-seong (Department of Biotechnology, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies) ;
  • Bae, Jin-Woo (Department of Biology, Kyung Hee University) ;
  • Cho, Jang-Cheon (Department of Biological Sciences, Inha University) ;
  • Im, Wan-Taek (Department of Biotechnology, Hankyoung National University) ;
  • Kim, Seung-Bum (Department of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Chungnam National University)
  • Received : 2016.03.03
  • Accepted : 2017.02.07
  • Published : 2017.02.28

Abstract

During the extensive survey of the prokaryotic species diversity in Korea, bacterial strains belonging to Betaproteobacteria and Epsilonproteobacteria were isolated from various sources including freshwater, sediment, soil and fish. A total of 23 isolates were obtained, among which 22 strains were assigned to the class Betaproteobacteria and one strain to the class Epsilonproteobacteria. The 22 betaproteobacterial strains were further assigned to Comamonadaceae (11 strains), Burkholderiaceae (6 strains), Oxalobacteraceae (2 strains), Neisseriaceae (1 strain) and unclassified family groups (2 strains). For the strains of Burkholderiaceae, 3 strains were identified as 3 species of Burkholderia, and 2 strains were as 2 species of Cupriavidus. For the strains of Comamonadaceae, 4 strains were identified as 2 species of the genus Hydrogenophaga, 2 strains as 2 species of Acidovorax, 2 strains as 2 species of Limnohabitans, and each of the remaining strains as single species of Comamonas, Curvibacter and Rhodoferax, respectively. For the strains of Oxalobacteraceae, 1 strain was identified as a species of Undibacterium, and the other strain as a species of Herbaspirillum. The strain belonging to Neisseriaceae was identified as a species of Iodobacter. The remaining strains of Betaproteobacteria were identified as species of Sphaerotilus and Methylibium respectively (family unassigned). The epsilonproteobacterial strain was identified as a species of Arcobacter of the family Camplyobacteraceae. The detailed description of each unrecorded species is provided.

Keywords

16S rRNA;API20NE;Betaproteobacteria;Epsilonproteobacteria;Fatty acid;unrecorded species

Acknowledgement

Grant : Survey of Korean Indigenous Species

Supported by : National Institute of Biological Resources(NIBR)

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