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Influences of somatic donor cell sex on in vitro and in vivo embryo development following somatic cell nuclear transfer in pigs

  • Yoo, Jae-Gyu (Animal Diseases and Biosecurity Team, National Institute of Animal Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Kim, Byeong-Woo (Department of Animal Science, Life and Industry Convergence Research Institute, Pusan National University) ;
  • Park, Mi-Rung (Animal Diseases and Biosecurity Team, National Institute of Animal Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Kwon, Deug-Nam (Department of Animal Biotechnology, KonKuk University) ;
  • Choi, Yun-Jung (Department of Animal Biotechnology, KonKuk University) ;
  • Shin, Teak-Soon (Department of Animal Science, Life and Industry Convergence Research Institute, Pusan National University) ;
  • Cho, Byung-Wook (Department of Animal Science, Life and Industry Convergence Research Institute, Pusan National University) ;
  • Seo, Jakyeom (Department of Animal Science, Life and Industry Convergence Research Institute, Pusan National University) ;
  • Kim, Jin-Hoi (Department of Animal Biotechnology, KonKuk University) ;
  • Cho, Seong-Keun (Department of Animal Science, Life and Industry Convergence Research Institute, Pusan National University)
  • Received : 2016.08.04
  • Accepted : 2016.10.18
  • Published : 2017.04.01

Abstract

Objective: The present study investigates pre- and post-implantation developmental competence of nuclear-transferred porcine embryos derived from male and female fetal fibroblasts. Methods: Male and female fetal fibroblasts were transferred to in vitro-matured enucleated oocytes and in vitro and in vivo developmental competence of reconstructed embryos was investigated. And, a total of 6,789 female fibroblast nuclear-transferred embryos were surgically transferred into 41 surrogate gilts and 4,746 male fibroblast nuclear-transferred embryos were surgically transferred into 25 surrogate gilts. Results: The competence to develop into blastocysts was not significantly different between the sexes. The mean cell number of female and male cloned blastocysts obtained by in vivo culture ($143.8{\pm}10.5$ to $159.2{\pm}14.8$) was higher than that of in vitro culture of somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) groups ($31.4{\pm}8.3$ to $33.4{\pm}11.1$). After embryo transfer, 5 pregnant gilts from each treatment delivered 15 female and 22 male piglets. The average birth weight of the cloned piglets, gestation length, and the postnatal survival rates were not significantly different (p<0.05) between sexes. Conclusion: The present study found that the sex difference of the nuclear donor does not affect the developmental rate of porcine SCNT embryos. Furthermore, postnatal survivability of the cloned piglets was not affected by the sex of the donor cell.

Keywords

Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer;Pigs;Donor Cells;Sex

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Korea Institute of Planning and Evaluation for Technology in Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (IPET)

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