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Evaluation of Anti-oxidant, Anti-microbial and Anti-thrombosis Activities of Fruit, Seed and Pomace of Schizandra chinensis Baillon

오미자 열매, 씨, 착즙 후 박의 항산화, 항균 및 항혈전 활성 평가

  • Kim, Mi-Sun (Department of Food and Nutrition, Andong National University) ;
  • Sung, Hwa-Jung (Department of Food and Nutrition, Andong National University) ;
  • Park, Jong-Yi (Gyeongbuk Institute For Bio-Industry) ;
  • Sohn, Ho-Yong (Department of Food and Nutrition, Andong National University)
  • Received : 2016.10.07
  • Accepted : 2016.10.12
  • Published : 2017.02.28

Abstract

In this study, for the efficient use of the byproduct of the omija (Schizandra chinensis Baillon: SC) processing industry, the ethanol extracts of the fruit (F), seed (S), and pomace (P) of SC were prepared, and their useful bioactivities were evaluated. For F-SC, S-SC, and P-SC, the extraction yields were 28.3%, 22.1%, and 7.2%, respectively, and the polyphenol contents were 8.81, 37.22, and 9.20 mg/g, respectively. The total flavonoid content in P-SC (4.31 mg/g) was 3.5-fold higher than that in F-SC (0.76 mg/g). In an antioxidation activity assay, P-SC showed stronger radical scavenging activities against DPPH anion, ABTS cation, and nitrite and stronger reducing power activities than the other extracts. The calculated concentration required for 50% radical scavenging activity, $RC_{50}s$, of P-SC for DPPH anion, ABTS cation, and nitrite was 226.2, 192.5, and $92.5{\mu}g/ml$, respectively. In an antimicrobial activity assay, F-SC, S-SC, and P-SC showed similarly strong growth inhibitions against Bacillus subtilis and P. vulgaris at a concentration of 0.5 mg/disc. F-SC and P-SC showed 15-fold extended time in thrombin, prothrombin, and activated partial thromboplastin time assays at a concentration of 5 mg/ml. The anticoagulation activity of P-SC (2.5 mg/ml) was comparable to that of aspirin (1.5 mg/ml). Furthermore, F-SC and S-SC showed very good platelet aggregation inhibitory activities. F-SC, S-SC, and P-SC did not show significant hemolysis against human red blood cell up to a concentration of 0.5 mg/ml. These results suggest that S-SC and P-SC, both of which are byproducts of the omija processing industry, show strong potential as novel antioxidant, antimicrobial, and antithrombosis agents.

본 연구에서는 오미자 가공산업의 부산물 이용을 위해, 오미자 열매, 씨 및 착즙 후의 박의 에탄올 추출물을 각각 조제하고, 이들의 유용생리활성을 평가하였다. 오미자 열매, 씨 및 박의 추출 수율은 각각 28.3, 22.1 및 7.2%로 나타났으며, 추출물들의 총 폴리페놀 함량은 각각 8.81, 37.22 및 9.20 mg/g로 나타났다. 총 플라보노이드 함량 분석 결과 박(4.31 mg/g)>씨(1.25 mg/g)>열매(0.76 mg/g) 추출물 순으로 나타났다. 항산화 활성 평가 결과, 다양한 radical (DPPH 음이온, ABTS 양이온 및 nitrite) 소거능 및 환원력 평가에서 박>씨>열매 추출물 순으로 항산화능이 나타났으며, 오미자 박 추출물의 DPPH 양이온, ABTS 음이온 및 nitrite 소거능에 대한 $RC_{50}$는 각각 226.2, 192.5 및 $92.5{\mu}g/ml$로 계산되었다. 항균 활성 평가 결과, 오미자 열매, 씨 및 박 추출물(0.5 mg/disc)은 B subtilis 및 P. vulgaris 균에 대한 강한 항균 활성을 나타내었다. 혈액응고저해 활성의 경우, 오미자 열매 및 박 추출물은 5 mg/ml 농도에서 TT, PT 및 aPTT를 모두 무첨가구에 비해 15배 이상 연장시켰으며, 박 추출물(2.5 mg/ml)은 aspirin (1.5 mg/ml)과 유사한 혈액응고 저해를 나타내었다. 혈소판응집 저해 활성 평가 결과, 열매 추출물과 씨 추출물(0.25 mg/ml)은 동일농도의 aspirin 보다 우수한 혈소판 응집저해 활성을 나타내었다. 상기의 오미자 시료들은 0.5 mg/ml 농도까지 유의적인 용혈활성이 나타나지 않았다. 본 연구 결과는 오미자 가공산업에서 발생하는 오미자 씨와 착즙 후의 박을 이용한 항산화, 항균, 항혈전 기능성 소재 개발이 가능함을 제시하고 있다.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 산업통산자원부

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