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Effect of Removing Corolla and Calyx Lobes on Fruit Shape and Quality of Strawberry

꽃잎 및 꽃받침 제거가 딸기의 과형 변화 및 품질에 미치는 영향

  • Lee, Gyu-Bin (Department of Horticulture Bioscience, Pusan National University) ;
  • Choe, Yun-Ui (Department of Horticulture Bioscience, Pusan National University) ;
  • Park, Eun-Ji (Department of Horticulture Bioscience, Pusan National University) ;
  • Park, Young-Hoon (Department of Horticulture Bioscience, Pusan National University) ;
  • Choi, Young-Whan (Department of Horticulture Bioscience, Pusan National University) ;
  • Kang, Nam-Jun (Department of Horticulture, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Kang, Jum-Soon (Department of Horticulture Bioscience, Pusan National University)
  • 이규빈 (부산대학교 원예생명과학과) ;
  • 최윤의 (부산대학교 원예생명과학과) ;
  • 박은지 (부산대학교 원예생명과학과) ;
  • 박영훈 (부산대학교 원예생명과학과) ;
  • 최영환 (부산대학교 원예생명과학과) ;
  • 강남준 (경상대학교 원예학과) ;
  • 강점순 (부산대학교 원예생명과학과)
  • Received : 2016.11.22
  • Accepted : 2016.12.29
  • Published : 2017.01.31

Abstract

In the present study, we investigated the effects of artificial removal of corolla and calyx lobes from open flowers on fruit development and fruit quality of strawberry (Fragaria ${\times}$ ananassa Duch.). Removing the corolla had no significant effect on fruit weight, hardness, length, and diameter, Hunter L, a, b values, sugar content and acidity. However, removing the calyx lobes significantly inhibited longitudinal and transverse growth of the fruits, resulting in diminished fruit size. In addition, merchantable fruit quality significantly decreased upon removing the calyx lobes, and this tendency was increased as more calyx lobes were removed. Nonetheless, removal of the calyx lobes had no effects on fruit color, sugar content, or acidity, similar to the effect of corolla removal.

Keywords

Calyx;Fruit diameter;Fruit shape;Corolla;Strawberry

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