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The influences of encircling gill net fishery on fish organisms

선자망어업이 어업생물에 미치는 영향

  • HAN, Inwoo (Division of Fisheries Science, Chonnam National University) ;
  • YOON, Euna (Division of Marine Technology, Chonnam National University) ;
  • OH, Wooseok (Division of Fisheries Science, Chonnam National University) ;
  • LEE, Kyounghoon (Division of Marine Technology, Chonnam National University)
  • 한인우 (전남대학교 수산과학과) ;
  • 윤은아 (전남대학교 해양기술학부) ;
  • 오우석 (전남대학교 수산과학과) ;
  • 이경훈 (전남대학교 해양기술학부)
  • Received : 2017.01.31
  • Accepted : 2017.02.22
  • Published : 2017.02.28

Abstract

Encircling gill net fishery is a kind of gill net which is generally used in shallow coastal waters. After the fish have been encircled by the gill net, noise stimulus such as a stone or sound is used to force them to gill or entangle themselves in the netting surrounding them. Although the fishing by a stone is a traditional fishing method, it is considered as an illegal fishing method by physical stimulus such as explosives and mechanical vibrator. However, this illegal fishing method has raised some problems to the fishing boat of other fisheries or many anglers due to disturb aggregating fish schools. This study is aimed to provide scientific base data to verify whether to impact the ecosystem caused by this encircling gill net. This study exhibited that the impulse noise by concrete sphere in the encircling gill net was $159dB/{\mu}Pa$, the ambient noise from ship engine was $160dB/{\mu}Pa$, and the maximum noise from continuous artificial vibrator was $175dB/{\mu}Pa$. These may be stimulus to the escape of fish distributed in a wide area in its natural state; it is not likely the cause of death due to catastrophic stress. Therefore, it needs to prepare the consideration of standard limit on fishing stimulus in fishing methods of the fishery laws and regulations, prevent fishermen form using illegal fishing gear (i.e. explosive sound standards: $200{\sim}220dB/{\mu}Pa$ and provide them with countermeasures.

Keywords

Ecosystem impacts;Encircling gill net;Stimulus;Impulse noise level

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 해양수산부

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