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The concept of the innovative power reactor

  • Lee, Sang Won (Central Research Institute, Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power Co., Ltd.) ;
  • Heo, Sun (Central Research Institute, Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power Co., Ltd.) ;
  • Ha, Hui Un (Central Research Institute, Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power Co., Ltd.) ;
  • Kim, Han Gon (Central Research Institute, Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power Co., Ltd.)
  • Received : 2017.01.03
  • Accepted : 2017.06.26
  • Published : 2017.10.25

Abstract

The Fukushima accident reveals the vulnerability of existing active nuclear power plant (NPP) design against prolonged loss of external electricity events. The passive safety system is considered an attractive alternative to cope with this kind of disaster. Also, the passive safety system enhances both the safety and the economics of NPPs. The adoption of a passive safety system reduces the number of active components and can minimize the construction cost of NPPs. In this paper, reflecting on the experience during the development of the APR+ design in Korea, we propose the concept of an innovative Power Reactor (iPower), which is a kind of passive NPP, to enhance safety in a revolutionary manner. The ultimate goal of iPower is to confirm the feasibility of practically eliminating radioactive material release to the environment in all accident conditions. The representative safety grade passive system includes a passive emergency core cooling system, a passive containment cooling system, and a passive auxiliary feedwater system. Preliminary analysis results show that these concepts are feasible with respect to preventing and/or mitigating the consequences of design base accidents and severe accidents.

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