• Afsharnezhad, Zahra (Department of Applied Mathematics Ferdowsi University of Mashhad) ;
  • Dadi, Zohreh (Department of Mathematics Faculty of Basic Sciences University of Bojnord) ;
  • Monfared, Zahra (Department of Applied Mathematics Ferdowsi University of Mashhad)
  • Received : 2014.11.14
  • Published : 2017.01.01


In this paper we study a four dimensional tourism-based social-ecological dynamical system. In fact we analyse tourism profitability, compatibility and sustainability by using bifurcation theory in terms of structural properties of attractors of system. For this purpose first we transformed it into a three dimensional system such that the reduced system is the extended and modified model of the previous three dimensional models suggested for tourism with the same dimension. Then we investigate transcritical, pitchfork and saddle-node bifurcation points of system. And numerically by finding some branches of stable equilibria for system show the profitability of tourism industry. Then by determining the Hopf bifurcation points of system we find a family of stable attractors for that by numerical techniques. Finally we conclude the existence of these stable limit cycles implies profitability and compatibility and then the sustainability of tourism.


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