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Effects of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy(ACT) on Premenstrual Symptoms, Attitudes about Menstruation, and Perceived Stress of Women with Premenstrual Syndrome

수용전념치료가 월경전증후군을 가진 여성의 월경 전 증상, 월경에 대한 태도 및 지각된 스트레스에 미치는 효과

  • Jung, Min-Jung (Dept. of psychology, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • La, Mi-Ok (Jeonju HanByul Obstetrics & Gynecology) ;
  • Son, ChongNak (Dept. of psychology, Chonbuk National University)
  • Received : 2015.12.15
  • Accepted : 2017.01.20
  • Published : 2017.01.28

Abstract

This study looked into the effects of acceptance and commitment therapy(ACT) program on the premenstrual symptoms, attitudes toward menstruation and perceived stress, in females in their 20's suffering from premenstrual syndrome(PMS). Among the 263 students from 3~4 year universities, 21 were selected as participants. 7 were assigned to the acceptance and commitment therapy(ACT) group, 7 were assigned to the cognitive behavior therapy(CBT) group, and 7 were assigned to the control group. As a result, emotional factor from the premenstrual symptoms has significantly decreased more in the acceptance and commitment therapy(ACT) group, and the cognitive behavior therapy(CBT) group in comparison to the control group. In regards to attitudes toward menstruation, there were no statistical significance in the acceptance and commitment therapy(ACT) group, however there were positive changes, and the cognitive behavior therapy(CBT) group displayed significant change in the follow-up study. In perceived stress, acceptance and commitment therapy(ACT) group displayed more significant decrease than the control group and the cognitive behavior therapy(CBT) group, and that level remained unchanged until the follow-up study.

Keywords

Premenstrual syndrome(PMS);Acceptance and commitment therapy(ACT);Cognitive behavioral therapy(CBT);Premenstrual symptoms;Attitudes toward menstruation;Perceived stress

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