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초·중·고 학생들의 학교폭력 피해경험이 행복감에 미치는 영향: 자아존중감의 매개효과

The Mediating Effect of Self-esteem between School Violence Victimization and Happiness of Adolescents

  • 이창식 (한서대학교 아동청소년복지학과) ;
  • 박지영 (고구려대학교 아동노인복지학과) ;
  • 장하영 (한서대학교 평생교육학과)
  • 투고 : 2016.11.09
  • 심사 : 2017.01.20
  • 발행 : 2017.01.28

초록

본 연구는 초 중 고 학생들의 학교폭력 피해경험과 행복감의 관계에서 자아존중감의 매개효과를 파악하는데 연구 목적을 두었다. 이를 위해서 2016년 4월부터 5월까지 청소년 1274명을 대상으로 충청남도 D시에서 설문조사를 수행하였다. 주요 연구 결과를 보면, 첫째, 청소년의 학교폭력 피해경험은 일반적 특성 중 성별, 학교급, 학업성취도에 따라 차이를 보였고 자아존중감은 성, 학교급, 가족 형태, 가족 소득 수준, 학업성취도에 따라 차이를 보였다. 한편, 행복감은 성별, 학교급, 가족 소득 수준, 학업성취도에 따라 차이를 보였다. 둘째, 상관분석 결과 학교폭력 피해경험은 자아존중감과 행복감 모두에 부적 상관관계를 보였다. 셋째, 회귀분석 결과 학교폭력 피해경험과 행복감과의 관계에서 자아존중감은 초, 중학생인 경우 부분매개하였고, 고등학생인 경우 완전매개하였다. 끝으로 학교폭력으로 인하여 행복감이 저하된 학생들을 위한 정책적 함의를 하였다.

키워드

학교폭력;자아존중감;행복감;학생;매개효과

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