The Mediating Effect of Self-esteem between School Violence Victimization and Happiness of Adolescents

초·중·고 학생들의 학교폭력 피해경험이 행복감에 미치는 영향: 자아존중감의 매개효과

  • 이창식 (한서대학교 아동청소년복지학과) ;
  • 박지영 (고구려대학교 아동노인복지학과) ;
  • 장하영 (한서대학교 평생교육학과)
  • Received : 2016.11.09
  • Accepted : 2017.01.20
  • Published : 2017.01.28


This study aimed to investigate the mediating effect of self-esteem between school violence victimization and happiness of adolescents. For this study, 1274 adolescents were surveyed at D city of Korea from April to May in 2016. Main results of this study were as follows. First, it was found out that school violence victimization was significantly different depending on gender, school level, academic achievement. And self-esteem was significantly different depending on gender, school level, family type, income level, academic achievement. Also their happiness was significantly different depending on gender, school level, income level, academic achievement. Second, school violence victimization and self-esteem were negatively correlated. And school violence victimization and their happiness were negatively correlated. Third, self-esteem was partially mediated for elementary, middle school students, but perfectly mediated for high school students between school violence victimization and happiness of adolescents. Lastly, policy implications for the students with lower happiness due to school violence victimization were suggested.


School violence victimization;Self-esteem;Happiness;Adolescents;Mediating effect


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