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Analysis of the General Components of Acorns and Effects of Acorn Extracts and High-Fat Diet Supplements on the Blood Lipid Factor and Cytokine Levels in Mice

도토리의 일반성분 분석 및 도토리 추출물과 고지방 식이의 병행섭취 시 흰쥐 체내에서 혈중 지질인자와 사이토카인에 미치는 영향

  • Received : 2016.12.08
  • Accepted : 2017.02.08
  • Published : 2017.02.28

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the effect of acorn powder and starch on the blood parameters of mice fed a high-fat diet. The moisture, crude ash, crude protein, and crude fat contents of acorns were $37.99{\pm}0.37%$, $1.61{\pm}0.06%$, $4.36{\pm}0.18%$ and $3.22{\pm}0.15%$, respectively. Acorn powder and starch contains antioxidant minerals such as selenium and zinc. The iron content was significantly higher in acorn powder than in acorn starch (p<0.05). The total cholesterol concentration was $148.50{\pm}29.72mg/dL$ in the high-fat starch diet (HFS) group, while in the high-fat diet (HF) group it was $201.50{\pm}39.15mg/dL$ (p<0.05). Serum LDL-cholesterol concentrations were significantly lower in the HFS group ($50.50{\pm}10.79mg/dL$) than in the HF group ($62.00{\pm}20.85mg/dL$; p<0.05). The serum $IL-1{\beta}$ levels in mice were not significantly different between the groups. IL-10 levels were higher in the HFP group than other groups. There is a need for strong recognition that acorns are good ingredients worldwide. It is required to develop various products using acorn powder and starch powder. There is also a need for a strategy to globalize food using acorns.

Keywords

mineral composition;cholesterol;LDL-cholesterol;$IL-1{\beta}$;IL-10

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