DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

A convergence study the association between addictive smart phone use, dry eye syndrome, upper extremity pain and depression among college students

일 지역 대학생의 스마트 폰 중독사용과 안구건조증, 상지통증 및 우울간의 관계에 대한 융합 연구

  • Received : 2016.11.04
  • Accepted : 2017.01.20
  • Published : 2017.01.28

Abstract

This study was to identify the correlation between dry eye syndrome, upper extremity pain, depression and addictive smart phone use among college students. Data were collected from 286 college students using a self-report questionnaire. 15.0% of participants have an addictive smart phone use. There were significant differences by dry eye syndrome(t=-4.38, p<.001), neck pain(t=-2.60, p<.05) and depression(t=-4.15, p<.001) according to the addictive smart phone use. Dry eye syndrome(r=.332, p<.001), neck pain(r=.143, p<.05), hand pain(r=.138, p<.05) and depression(r=.402, p<.001) were positively related to addictive smart phone use. Strategies to diminish depression, and to prevent dry eye syndrome and neck pain in college students will be an important intervention component to prevent addictive smart phone use and health problems in future studies.

본 연구는 스마트 폰 중독사용과 안구건조증, 상지통증 및 우울 간의 관계를 조사하기 위하여 일 지역 대학교에 재학 중인 학부 학생 286명을 대상으로 자가보고 설문지를 사용하여 자료를 수집하였다. 수집한 자료는 SPSS Statistics 22.0을 이용하여 서술통계, $x^2-test$, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe test 및 Pearson correlation coefficient 로 분석하였다. 대학생의 15%가 스마트 폰 중독사용으로 나타났고 스마트 폰 중독 사용군은 정상 사용군에 비해 안구건조증(t=-4.38, p<.001), 목 통증(t=-2.60, p<.05) 및 우울(t=-4.15, p<.001)이 유의하게 높았다. 스마트 폰 중독사용은 안구건조증(r=.332, p<.001), 목 통증(r=.143, p<.05), 손 통증(r=.138, p<.05) 및 우울(r=.402, p<.001)간에 유의한 상관관계가 있었다. 따라서 대학생의 올바른 스마트 폰 사용을 위한 정기적인 보건교육의 실시와 스마트 폰 중독사용과 이로 인한 건강문제를 예방하기 위한 중재 전략을 개발하는데 있어 우울을 감소시키고 목 통증과 안구건조증을 예방할 수 있는 방안을 고려할 필요가 있다.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 세명대학교

References

  1. H. S. Choi, H. K. Lee, J. C. Ha, "The influence of smartphone addiction on mental health, campus life and personal relations - Focusing on K university students", Journal of the Korean Data & Information Science Society, Vol. 23, No. 5, pp. 1005-1015, 2012.
  2. H. S. Jeon, S. O. Jang, "A study on the influence of depression and stress on smartphone addiction among university students: focused on moderating effect of gender", Korean Journal of Youth Studies, Vol. 21, No. 8, pp. 103-129, 2014.
  3. http://economy.donga.com/home/3/0112/20141211/68497105/2
  4. M. S. Kwon, G. W. Nam, B. K. Seo, A survey on internet addiction in 2014, National Information Society Agency, 2015.
  5. K. H. Hwang, Y. S. Yoo, O. H. Cho, "Smartphone overuse and upper extremity pain, anxiety, depression and interpersonal relationships among college students", Journal of the Korea Contents Association, Vol. 12, No. 10, pp. 365-375, 2012. https://doi.org/10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.10.365
  6. S. M. Kim, Smartphone use level of nursing college students the relationship between communication competence social avoidance and distress. Master's thesis, Chungnam National University, 2014.
  7. Y. S. Jeong, "Tracking analysis of user privacy damage using smartphone", Journal of Convergence Society for SMB, Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 13-18, 2014.
  8. Y. J. Lee, J. H. Park, "The effect of use motives, self-control and social withdrawal on smartphone addiction", Journal of Digital Convergence, Vol. 12, No. 8, pp. 459-465, 2014. https://doi.org/10.14400/JDC.2014.12.8.459
  9. H. J. Kang, "The relationships among smartphone use, mental health and physical health-Focusing on smartphone users' attitudes", Journal of Digital Convergence, Vol. 14, No. 3, pp. 483-488, 2016. https://doi.org/10.14400/JDC.2016.14.3.483
  10. J. Y. Yun, J. S. Moon, M. J. Kim, Y. J. Kim, H. A. Kim, B. I. Huh, et al. "Smart phone addiction and health problem in university student", Journal for Korean Association for Crisis & Emergency Management, Vol.3, No. 2, pp. 92-104, 2011.
  11. J. S. Park, M. J. Choi, J. E. Ma, J. H. Moon, H. J. Moon, "Influence of cellular phone videos and games on dry eye syndrome in university students", Journal of Korean Academy Community Health Nursing, Vol. 25, No. 1, pp. 12-23, 2014. https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2014.25.1.12
  12. S. H. Lee, Evaluating the influence of smart phone use on the psycho-physiological condition. Master's thesis, Konkuk University, 2011.
  13. Y. M. Park, A study on adults' smart phone addiction and mental health. Master's thesis, Sangji University, 2011.
  14. J. Guo, L. Chen, X. Wang, Y. Liu, C. H. K. Chui, H. He, et. al., "The relationship between internet addiction and depression among migrant children and left-behind children in China", Cyberpsychology Behavior & Social Networking, Vol. 15, No. 11, pp. 585-590, 2012. https://doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2012.0261
  15. S. Thomee, M. Eklot, E. Gustafsson, R. Nilsson, M. Hagberg, "Prevalence of perceived stress, symptoms of depression nd sleep disturbance on relation to information and communication technology use among young adults-An explorative prospective study", Computers in Human Behavior, Vol. 23, No. 3, pp. 1300-1321, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2004.12.007
  16. K. M. Yang, "The effect of self-esteem and depression on smart-phone addiction among university students", Journal of the Korea Convergence Society, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 113-123, 2016. https://doi.org/10.15207/JKCS.2016.7.1.113
  17. M. Jeon, Effects of communication apprehension and depression Vulnerability on college students' smartphone overuse. Master's thesis, Jeonju University, 2011.
  18. K. Demirci, H. Orhan, A. Demirdas, A. Akpinar, "Validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the smartphone addiction scale in a younger population", Klinik Psikofarmakoloji Bulteni-Bulletin of Clinical Psychopharmacology, Vol. 24, No. 3, pp. 226-234, 2014. https://doi.org/10.5455/bcp.20140710040824
  19. A. M. S. Wu, V. I. Cheung, L. Ku, E .P. W. Hung, "Psychological risk factors of addiction to social networking sites among Chinese smartphone users", Journal of Behavioral Addictions, Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 160-166. 2013. https://doi.org/10.1556/JBA.2.2013.006
  20. S. I. Chiu, "The relationship between life stress and smartphone addiction on taiwanese university student: A mediation model of learning self-efficacy and social self-efficacy", Computer in Human Behavior, Vol. 34, pp. 49-57, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2014.01.024
  21. D. A. Enez, C. Noyan, S. Nurmedov, O. Yilmaz, N. Dilbaz, "Smartphone addiction in relation with social anxiety and loneliness among university students in Turkey", European Psychiatry, Vol. 30, p 505, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0924-9338(15)30398-9
  22. H. B. Kim, "Research trends in smart phone addiction", Korean Association of Addiction Crime Review, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 74-89, 2013.
  23. H. S. Lee, "A convergence study the effect of college students' parent-son/daughter communication on addiction to smartphone : Focused on the mediated effect of stress level, self-control and self-efficacy", Journal of the Korea Convergence Society, Vol. 7, No. 4, pp. 163-172, 2016. https://doi.org/10.15207/JKCS.2016.7.4.163
  24. M. K. Cho, "The relationships among smartphone use motivations, addiction and self-control in nursing students", Journal of Digital Convergence, Vol. 12, No. 5, pp. 311-323, 2014. https://doi.org/10.14400/JDC.2014.12.5.311
  25. K. A. Jung, B. W. Kim, "The differences of the ego-resilience and disagreement in parents' rearing attitude according to the levels of the smartphone addiction of adolescents", Journal of Digital Convergence, Vol. 13, No. 2, pp. 29-308, 2015.
  26. S. Y. Lee, A study on the effect of mobile phone use addiction on teenage health-Focused on neck pain. Master's thesis, Kwangwoon University, 2012.
  27. F. Faul, E. Erdfelder, A. Lang, A. Buchner, "G * power 3: A flexible statistical power analysis for the social, behavioral and biomedical sciences", Behavioral Research Methods. Vol. 37, No. 2, pp. 175-191, 2007.
  28. R. M. Schiffman, M. D. Christianson, G. Jacobsen, J. D. Hirsch, B. L. Reis, "Reliability and validity of the Ocular Surface Disease Index", Archives of Ophthalmology, Vol. 118, No. 5, pp. 615-621, 2000. https://doi.org/10.1001/archopht.118.5.615
  29. http://www.kosha.or.kr//content/business/health06_04_cause_03.html
  30. A. T. Beck, R. A. Steer, G. K. Brown, Manual for the BDI-II. TX, Psychological Corporation, 1996.
  31. H. M. Sung, J. B. Kim, Y. N. Park, D. S. Bai, S. H. Lee, H. N. Ahn, " A study on the reliability and the validity of Korean version of the Beck depression inventory-II(BDI-II)", Journal of the Korean Society of Biological Therapies in Psychiatry, Vol. 14, No. 2, pp. 201-212, 2008.
  32. J. Billieux, M. V. D. Linden, M. D'acremont, G. Ceschi, A. Zermatten, "Does impulsivity relate to perceived dependence on and actual use of the mobile phone?", Applied Cognitive Psychology, Vol. 21, No. 4, pp. 527-537, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1002/acp.1289
  33. M. Bian, L. Leung, "Liking loneliness, shyness, smartphone addiction symptom and patterns of smartphone use to social capital", Social Science Computer Review, Vol. 33, No. 1, pp. 61-79, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1177/0894439314528779
  34. Y. K. Na, H. I. Nam, K. W. Park, N. H. Woo, Y. R. Yoon, M. A. Jang, et al., "The effect on well-being behavior of university students by using smart phone", Journal of the Korea Society of Health Informatics & Statistics, Vol. 36, No. 2, pp. 172-182, 2011.
  35. F. Y. Hong, S. I. Chiu, D. H. Huang, "A model of the relationship between psychological characteristics, mobile phone addiction and use of mobile phone by Taiwanese university female students", Computers in Human Behavior, Vol. 28, pp. 2152-2159, 2012. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2012.06.020
  36. B. I. Lee, S. W. Kim, Y. J. Kim, J. Y. Bae, S. K. Woo, H. N. Woo, et al., "The relationship between smartphone usage time and physical and mental health of university students", Journal of the Korean Society of School Health, Vol. 26, No. 1, pp. 45-53, 2013.
  37. K. S. Shin, "Dry eye syndrome", Health World, Vol. 54, No. 5, pp. 7-11, 2007.
  38. M. O. Kim, H. J. Kim, K. S. Kim, S. J. Ju, J. H. Choi, M. Yu, "Smartphone addiction(Focused depression, aggression and impulsion) among college students", Indian Journal of Science & Technology, Vol. 8, No. 25, pp. 1-6, 2015.