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Synergistic Effect of Molybdate and Monoethanolamine on Corrosion Inhibition of Ductile Cast Iron in Tap Water

  • Kim, K.T. (Materials Research Centre for Energy and Clean Technology, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Andong National University) ;
  • Chang, H.Y. (Power Engineering Research Institute, KEPCO Engineering & Construction Company) ;
  • Lim, B.T. (Power Engineering Research Institute, KEPCO Engineering & Construction Company) ;
  • Park, H.B. (Power Engineering Research Institute, KEPCO Engineering & Construction Company) ;
  • Kim, Y.S. (Materials Research Centre for Energy and Clean Technology, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Andong National University)
  • Received : 2016.12.22
  • Accepted : 2017.02.15
  • Published : 2017.02.28

Abstract

A synergistic effect was observed in the combination of nitrite and ethanolamines. Ethanolamine is one of the representative organic corrosion inhibitors and can be categorized as adsorption type. However, nitrosamines can form when amines mix with sodium nitrite. Since nitrosamine is a carcinogen, the co-addition of nitrite and ethanolamine will be not practical, and thus, a non-toxic combination of inhibitors shall be needed. In order to maximize the effect of monoethanolamine, we focused on the addition of molybdate. Molybdate has been used to alternate the addition of chromate, but it showed insufficient oxidizing power relative to corrosion inhibitors. This work evaluated the synergistic effect of the co-addition of molybdate and monoethanolamine, and its corrosion mechanism was elucidated. A high concentration of molybdate or monoethanolamine was needed to inhibit the corrosion of ductile cast iron in tap water, but in the case of the co-addition of molybdate and monoethanolamine, a synergistic effect was observed. This synergistic effect could be attributed to the molybdate that partly oxidizes the metallic surface and the monoethanolamine that is simultaneously adsorbed on the graphite surface. This adsorbed layer then acts as the barrier layer that mitigates galvanic corrosion between the graphite and the matrix.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP)

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