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Effects of Gypsum and Fresh Cattle Manure on Physico-chemical Properties of Soil and Yield of Forage Crop in Hwaong Reclaimed Land

  • Jang, Jae-Eun (Gyeonggi-do Agricultural Research and Extension Services) ;
  • Kang, Chang-Sung (Gyeonggi-do Agricultural Research and Extension Services) ;
  • Park, Jung-Soo (Gyeonggi-do Agricultural Research and Extension Services) ;
  • Shim, Jae-Man (Gyeonggi-do Agricultural Research and Extension Services) ;
  • Kim, Hee-Dong (Gyeonggi-do Agricultural Research and Extension Services) ;
  • Kim, Sun-Jae (Gyeonggi-do Agricultural Research and Extension Services)
  • Received : 2016.05.13
  • Accepted : 2017.02.24
  • Published : 2017.02.28

Abstract

The effects of application of gypsum and fresh cattle manure on the yield of forage crop were investigated in Hwaong reclaimed land in Korea for 3 years from 2011 to 2013. This study was conducted to develop the practical application method of livestock manure as a fertilization source and a soil physico-chemical ameliorator for the cultivation of forage crop $Sorghum{\times}Sudangrass$ hybrid in newly reclaimed tidal land soil. Treatments with six applications were established with three replications; chemical fertilizer (CF), gypsum (G) $20Mg\;ha^{-1}$, G+fresh cattle manure (FCM) 100%, G+FCM 200%, G+FCM 300% and FCM 100% which referred to the application rate equivalent to the recommended amount of phosphate fertilization by soil test. The combined treatments of G+FCM increased soil organic matter, $Av.P_2O_5$ and exchangeable $Ca^{2+}$ contents while decreased exchangeable $Na^+$ and $Mg^{2+}$. The soil bulk density, soil hardness and soil aggregate formation were improved by G+FCM treatments. The dry matter yields of $Sorghum{\times}Sudangrass$ hybrid were significantly increased in proportion to the application rate of FCM. The phosphorus use efficiency showed the highest in the application level of G+FCM 100%, which seemed to be the results of reduced nutrient use efficiency by nutrient immobilization, leaching etc. when applied excessive amount of fresh animal manure.

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