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Optimal Power Control Strategy for Wind Farm with Energy Storage System

  • Nguyen, Cong-Long (Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Ecole de technologie superieure, University of Quebec) ;
  • Lee, Hong-Hee (School of Electrical Engineering, University of Ulsan)
  • Received : 2016.03.18
  • Accepted : 2016.11.07
  • Published : 2017.03.01

Abstract

The use of energy storage systems (ESSs) has become a feasible solution to solve the wind power intermittency issue. However, the use of ESSs increases the system cost significantly. In this paper, an optimal power flow control scheme to minimize the ESS capacity is proposed by using the zero-phase delay low-pass filter which can eliminate the phase delay between the dispatch power and the wind power. In addition, the filter time constant is optimized at the beginning of each dispatching interval to ensure the fluctuation mitigation requirement imposed by the grid code with a minimal ESS capacity. And also, a short-term power dispatch control algorithm is developed suitable for the proposed power dispatch based on the zero-phase delay low-pass filter with the predetermined ESS capacity. In order to verify the effectiveness of the proposed power management approach, case studies are carried out by using a 3-MW wind turbine with real wind speed data measured on Jeju Island.

Keywords

Energy storage systems (ESSs);Hybrid wind and energy storage system;Power flow control;Zero-phase low-pass filter;Fluctuation mitigation requirement (FMR)

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Research Foundation of Korea

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