Short-term Reactive Power Reserve Optimization Based on Trajectory Sensitivity

  • Sun, Quancai (Dep. of Electrical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University) ;
  • Cheng, Haozhong (Dep. of Electrical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University) ;
  • Zhang, Jian (China Electric power Research Institute) ;
  • Li, Baiqing (China Electric power Research Institute) ;
  • Song, Yue (Dep of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, The University of Hong Kong)
  • Received : 2016.04.11
  • Accepted : 2016.12.24
  • Published : 2017.03.01


An increasing concern is paid to short-term voltage stability with the growth of penetration of induction motor loads. Reactive power reserve(RPR) of power system is critical to improve voltage stability. A definition of short-term voltage stability-related RPR(SVRPR) is proposed. Generators vary their contributions to voltage stability with their location and system condition, etc. Voltage support coefficient based on the second-order trace sensitivity method is proposed to evaluate SVRPR's contribution to short-term voltage stability. The evaluation method can account for the generator's reactive support in transient process and the contingency severity. Then an optimization model to improve short-term voltage stability is built. To deal with multiple contingencies, contingency weight taking into account both its probability and severity is proposed. The optimization problem is solved by primal dual interior point method. Testing on IEEE_39 bus system, it is indicated that the method proposed is effective. Short-term voltage stability is improved significantly by the way of SVRPR optimization. Hence, the approach can be used to prevent the happening of voltage collapse during system's contingency.


Reactive power reserve;Short-term voltage stability;Contingency;Optimization


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