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The Effect of Grid Ratio and Material of Anti-scatter Grid on the Scatter-to-primary Ratio and the Signal-to-noise Ratio Improvement Factor in Container Scanner X-ray Imaging

  • Lee, Jeonghee (Korea Research Institute of Ships & Ocean Engineering) ;
  • Lim, Chang Hwy (Korea Research Institute of Ships & Ocean Engineering) ;
  • Park, Jong-Won (Korea Research Institute of Ships & Ocean Engineering) ;
  • Kim, Ik-Hyun (Korea Research Institute of Ships & Ocean Engineering) ;
  • Moon, Myung Kook (Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute) ;
  • Lim, Yong-Kon (Korea Research Institute of Ships & Ocean Engineering)
  • Received : 2017.06.12
  • Accepted : 2017.10.24
  • Published : 2017.12.31

Abstract

Background: X-ray imaging detectors for the nondestructive cargo container inspection using MeV-energy X-rays should accurately portray the internal structure of the irradiated container. Internal and external factors can cause noise, affecting image quality, and scattered radiation is the greatest source of noise. To obtain a high-performance transmission image, the influence of scattered radiation must be minimized, and this can be accomplished through several methods. The scatter rejection method using an anti-scatter grid is the preferred method to reduce the impact of scattered radiation. In this paper, we present an evaluation the characteristics of the signal and noise according to physical and material changes in the anti-scatter grid of the imaging detector used in cargo container scanners. Materials and Methods: We evaluated the characteristics of the signal and noise according to changes in the grid ratio and the material of the anti-scatter grid in an X-ray image detector using MCNP6. The grid was composed of iron, lead, or tungsten, and the grid ratio was set to 2.5, 12.5, 25, or 37.5. X-ray spectrum sources for simulation were generated by 6- and 9-MeV electron impacts on the tungsten target using MCNP6. The object in the simulation was designed using metallic material of various thicknesses inside the steel container. Using the results of the computational simulation, we calculated the change in the scatter-to-primary ratio and the signal-to-noise ratio improvement factor according to the grid ratio and the grid material, respectively. Results and Discussion: Changing the grid ratios of the anti-scatter grid and the grid material decreased the scatter linearly, affecting the signal-to-noise ratio. Conclusion: The grid ratio and material of the anti-scatter grid affected the response characteristics of a container scanner using high-energy X-rays, but to a minimal extent; thus, it may not be practically effective to incorporate anti-scatter grids into container scanners.

Acknowledgement

Grant : Research on Fundamental Core Technology for Ubiquitous Shipping and Logistics

Supported by : Korea Institute of Marine Science and Technology Promotion

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