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노인의 사회인구학적 특성과 신체활동유형에 따른 인지기능, 우울 및 삶의 질

Cognitive Function, Depression and Quality of Life according to the Demographic Characteristics and Physical Activity Type of the Elderly

  • 최재원 (중앙대학교 스포츠과학부) ;
  • 천명업 (중앙대학교 대학원 스포츠산업정보학과) ;
  • 강성구 (중앙대학교 스포츠과학부)
  • Choi, Jae-Won (Division of Sport Science, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Chun, Myung-Up (Division of Department of Sport Industry & Information, Graduate of Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Kang, Sung-Goo (Division of Sport Science, Chung-Ang University)
  • 투고 : 2017.10.19
  • 심사 : 2017.12.20
  • 발행 : 2017.12.28

초록

본 연구는 65세 이상 노인 148명을 대상으로 하여 사회인구학적요인과 운동참여 유무에 따른 인지기능과 우울, 삶의 질의 차이에 대하여 살펴보았다. 인지기능은 한국판 간이정신상태검사, 숫자 외우기 검사, 선추적 검사, 스트룹 검사를 측정하였고, 심리학적 변인으로는 우울과 삶의 질을 측정하였다. 그 결과 첫째, 노인의 사회인구학적 특성인 연령, 학력, 건강인지에 따라 통계적으로 유의한 차이가 나타났다. 둘째, 운동참여에 따라서는 운동에 참여한 노인이 그렇지 않은 노인에 비해 점수가 높은 것으로 나타났다. 셋째, 운동에 참여하는 노인들의 운동경력, 운동빈도, 운동시간에 따라 유의한 차이가 나타났다. 마지막으로 연구대상자의 인지기능과 우울 및 삶의 질은 상관관계가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 결론적으로 노인들의 풍요로운 노후를 영위하기 위해 노인의 인지기능을 향상시키고 우울을 감소시켜 삶의 질을 높이기 위한 방법으로 규칙적이고 다양한 운동 및 신체활동 프로그램 참여의 필요성이 있다.

키워드

노인;운동참여;인지기능;우울;삶의 질

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