Cognitive Function, Depression and Quality of Life according to the Demographic Characteristics and Physical Activity Type of the Elderly

노인의 사회인구학적 특성과 신체활동유형에 따른 인지기능, 우울 및 삶의 질

  • Choi, Jae-Won (Division of Sport Science, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Chun, Myung-Up (Division of Department of Sport Industry & Information, Graduate of Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Kang, Sung-Goo (Division of Sport Science, Chung-Ang University)
  • 최재원 (중앙대학교 스포츠과학부) ;
  • 천명업 (중앙대학교 대학원 스포츠산업정보학과) ;
  • 강성구 (중앙대학교 스포츠과학부)
  • Received : 2017.10.19
  • Accepted : 2017.12.20
  • Published : 2017.12.28


The purpose of this study was to examine the difference of cognitive function, depression, and quality of life according to demographic factors and exercise participation among 148 elderly over 60 years old. The cognitive function was measured by the Korean version of mini mental state exam, Digit span test, Trail making test, and the Stroop test. Also the psychological variables were showed depression and quality of life. As a results, first, depending on the degree of demographic characteristics of elderly had significant difference. Second, according to the participation of the exercise, the score was higher than the aged who did not participate in the exercise. Third, there were significant differences according to duration of exercise, period of exercise, frequency of exercise, and exercise time of the aged that who participate in exercise. Lastly, the cognitive function, depression and quality of life of the subjects were found to be correlated. In conclusion, the aged need to regularly participate in various exercise and physical activity programs to improve the quality of life by improving the cognitive function and decreasing depression of the elderly.


Elderly;Participation in exercise;Cognitive function;Depression;Quality of life


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