Analysis on the Participation Motivation of Billiard Players

당구 선수들의 참여 동기에 관한 연구

  • Park, Ji-Su (Division of Sport Science, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Choi, Jae-Won (Division of Sport Science, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Kang, Sung-Goo (Division of Sport Science, Chung-Ang University)
  • 박지수 (중앙대학교 스포츠과학부) ;
  • 최재원 (중앙대학교 스포츠과학부) ;
  • 강성구 (중앙대학교 스포츠과학부)
  • Received : 2017.10.20
  • Accepted : 2017.12.20
  • Published : 2017.12.28


This study is devoted to investigating participation motivations of billiard players who join games through open-ended questionnaires, and identify the difference of participation motivations in the game according to age and experience. Thus, 696 original data on participation motivations was obtained from 267 billiard players in Gyeonggi-do based on open-ended questionnaires. Results from inductive analysis are as follows. First, their participation motivations included 10 general sectors such as interests, objective achievement motive, competition, interpersonal relationship, mental health, job, gambling, sport competence, suggestion by others, and university admission. Second, enjoyment showed the highest percents among participation motivations according to participants' age. Third, interest showed the highest percents among participation motivations in less than five years of their experiences. Objective achievement motive was the highest portion for more than five years. These outcomes will be used as a basic data to understand the relationship of billiard players who participate in the game and further create better billiard game culture.


Billiard;Billiard Player;Participation motivation;Open-ended questionnaire;Inductive content Analysis


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