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인삼 재배시 생육기간 동안 환경적 요인인 미세기포수가 ginsenoside 생성에 미치는 영향

The Effect of Environmental Fine Bubble on the Production of Ginsenoside during the Growth Period of Ginseng Cultivation

  • Ahn, Chul-Hyun (Korea National College of Agriculture and Fisheries)
  • 투고 : 2017.10.23
  • 심사 : 2017.12.20
  • 발행 : 2017.12.28

초록

본 연구는 환경정화에 주로 사용되는 미세기포를 2년 근 인삼 지속적으로 처리하여 인삼이 성장하면서 변화되는 형태와 ginsenoside 변화를 조사하는 융합적 연구이다. 인삼 재배시 미세기포수를 적용하여 4개월 동안(120일) 재배한 후 인삼의 잎과 뿌리의 부위별 ginsenoside 함량과 조성을 분석하였다. 잎에 일반수를 처리한 결과 protopanaxatriol(PPT) 계열 Re 함량만 월등히 높게 나타났지만 미세기포수를 처리한 결과 protopanaxadiol(PPD) 계열 Rb1, RC, Rb2, Rd 성분도 같이 증가시키는 것을 확인하였다. 특히 Re, Rb1이 다량 증가함으로써 전체적인 total ginsenoside가 증가하는 요인이 되었다. 인삼의 부위별 PD/PT 비율은 미세기포수를 처리한 잎에서는 0.811으로 나타나고 뿌리는 1.28로 나타났다. 이것은 미세기포수 처리가 뿌리에서 ginsenoside의 합성을 유도하여 PD/PT 비율이 1과 가까운 결가를 가져와 유용성분의 증가 및 고른 분포 이루어졌다고 판단된다. 따라서 미세버블수를 사용한 고품질 인삼을 생산하는 재배 방법을 제시하고 인삼의 뿌리와 더불어 잎도 기능성 식품 소재로 활용할 수 있는 가능성을 제시하였다.

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