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The Effects of Therapeutic Horse Riding, Adaptive Behavior in Adult with Intellectual Disabilities

재활승마가 지적장애 성인의 적응행동에 미치는 영향

  • An, Jung-Hun (Dept. of Physical Education, Sungkyul University) ;
  • Park, Yun-Jae (Dept. of Physical Education, Sungkyul University)
  • 안정훈 (성결대학교 체육교육과) ;
  • 박윤재 (성결대학교 체육교육과)
  • Received : 2017.11.02
  • Accepted : 2017.12.20
  • Published : 2017.12.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of therapeutic horse riding on adult with intellectual disability in terms of adaptive behavior. The subjects were 16 adults with intellectual disability. They participated in a therapeutic horse riding program of 60 minutes long, Twice a week for 12 weeks. The participants' adaptive behavior level were measured before and after 12 weeks of program with Social Maturity Scale. The data was analyzed by paired t-test using the SPSS. After 12 weeks of therapeutic horse riding program, there was a significant improvements on self-help, task, self-regulation & socialization. However, locomotion, communication changes did not reach statistical significance. The result indicates that therapeutic horse riding has a positive effect on adults with intellectual disability in self-help, task, self-regulation & socialization. This study suggests that therapeutic horse riding could be considered an effective method on adults with intellectual disability to improve adaptive behavior.

Keywords

Therapeutic Horse Riding;Intellectual Disabilities;Adaptive Behavior;Social Maturity;Animal Assisted Therapy

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