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대학생의 건강행위 평가 연구

The Study of Evaluation of University Students' Health Behaviors

  • 투고 : 2017.10.23
  • 심사 : 2017.12.20
  • 발행 : 2017.12.28

초록

본 연구는 한국 대학생의 건강행위를 측정할 수 있는 도구를 개발하고 평가하는 데 목적을 두고 있으며, 보호동기이론(Rogers, 1975)과 예방채택과정 모형(Weinstein, 1988)을 개념적 기틀로 사용하였다. 예비문항은 개별면담과 문헌고찰을 통해 추출하였으며, 내용타당도 검정과 문항 이해도 평가를 거친 후 CVI가 .8이상인 행위문항 55개, 인식문항 24개를 선정하고, 60명의 남녀 대학생들에게 사전조사를 실시하였다. 사전조사 후 타당도와 신뢰도 검정을 통해 행위문항 33개와 인식문항 24개로 본조사를 위한 문항을 확정하였다. 본조사 설문지는 3개 대학에 재학 중인 남녀 대학생 400명에게 배포되었고, 최종 373부를 자료로 수집하였다. 자료의 통계처리 결과로는 구성타당도를 위한 문항간의 상관관계와 요인간 상관관계는 적합한 것으로 나타났다. 탐색적 요인 분석에서는 약물복용관리, 위해행동줄이기, 스트레스대처, 몸을 잘 보살피기, 영양관리의 다섯 요인으로 구분된 설명변량이 54.498%였다. 집단 간 비교를 보면 건강행위의 의도를 가진 집단과 그렇지 않은 집단 간의 행위 점수가 유의한 차이를 보이는 것으로 확인되었다. 내적 일관성 신뢰도는 Cronbach's ${\alpha}$ 값이 .708-.810, 반분신뢰도는 Cronbach's ${\alpha}$ 값이 .702~.789로 적합하였다. 본조사 때 수집된 설문지 문항들의 신뢰도와 타당도를 검정하여 결과적으로 최종도구의 문항은 27문항으로 확정되었다.

키워드

대학생;건강행위;도구개발;건강위해행위;보호동기이론

과제정보

연구 과제 주관 기관 : 공주대학교

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