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The Effects of the Stress on Depression of Elderly Inpatients in Geriatric Hospital : Mediating Effects of Self-Esteem

요양병원 노인 입원환자의 스트레스가 우울에 미치는 영향: 자아존중감의 매개효과 분석

  • Received : 2017.11.01
  • Accepted : 2017.12.20
  • Published : 2017.12.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of the stress on depression of elderly inpatients in geriatric hospitals and verify the mediating effects of self-esteem on the relationships between stress and depression. Data collected from 218 elderly inpatients of geriatric hospitals in Seoul and Gyeonggi region from Sept. 4th to 22nd, 2017 were analyzed with SPSS 23.0. As a results, there was a statistically significant difference in the level of stress, depression, self-esteem of elderly inpatients in geriatric hospitals depending on their Socio-demographic and Hospital-utilization characteristics. Stress of elderly inpatients had a positive influence on their depression(${\beta}=.297$, p=.000), the self-esteem had a partial mediating effect on the relationships between stress and depression(Sobel Z=2.034). These results suggest that the development and provision of self-esteem improvement programs as well as stress management of elderly inpatients are necessary to prevent depression of elderly inpatients in geriatric hospital.

Keywords

Geriatric Hospital;Elderly Inpatients;Stress;Depression;Self-Esteem

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Acknowledgement

Supported by : 김포대학교