DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

The Effect of Stress on the Happiness Index of Nursing College Students : Focusing on Mediating Effects of Optimism

스트레스가 간호대학생의 행복지수에 미치는 영향 : 낙관성의 매개효과를 중심으로

  • Received : 2017.10.19
  • Accepted : 2017.12.20
  • Published : 2017.12.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of optimism on stress on happiness index. The subjects were 3 and 4 grade students who had clinical practice experience among 3 nursing students at G university, and 362 questionnaires were used as research data. The data analysis used regression analysis, SPSS macro and bootstrapping methods to examine the mediating effects of optimism on college students' stress and happiness. The results showed that stress, happiness, and optimism were significantly correlated, and stress had a direct effect on college students' happiness. In other words, the higher the level of stress, the lower the happiness index of college students. The optimism was partially mediated between stress and college students' happiness index. Therefore, in order to increase the happiness index of college students, it is necessary to develop and implement a program for happiness enhancement as one of the program strategies that can enhance stress.

본 연구의 목적은 낙관성을 매개로 스트레스가 행복지수에 주는 영향을 파악하고자 하는데 있다. 대상자는 G광역시 소재 3개 대학 간호학과 학생 중 임상실습경험이 있는 3, 4학년을 대상으로 시행하였으며, 362부의 설문지를 연구 자료로 사용하였다. 자료분석은 회귀분석과 SPSS Macro 및 부트스트래핑(bootstrapping) 방법을 이용하여 대학생의 스트레스와 행복감에 있어 낙관성의 매개효과를 검증하였다. 연구결과 스트레스, 행복지수, 낙관성은 유의한 상관관계가 있었고, 스트레스가 대학생의 행복지수에 직접적인 영향을 주었다. 즉, 스트레스의 수준이 높을수록 대학생의 행복지수를 저하시켰다. 낙관성은 스트레스와 대학생의 행복지수 사이에서 부분적으로 매개효과를 보였다. 따라서 대학생의 행복지수를 높이기 위해서는 스트레스 관리와 낙관성을 높일 수 있는 프로그램 전략의 하나로 행복증진 프로그램 개발 및 시행이 요구된다.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 광주대학교

References

  1. J. K. Kim, "A Review Study on Nursing Students Stress for Improvement of Nursing Education", J. of the Korea Academic Society of Nursing Education, Vol. 20, No. 1, pp. 47-59, 2014. https://doi.org/10.5977/jkasne.2014.20.1.47
  2. R. Watson, E. Gardiner, R. Hogston, H. Gibson, A. Stimpson, R. Wrate et al., "Alongitudinal Study of Stress and Psychological Distress in Nurses and Nursing Students", Journal of Clinical Nursing, Vol. 18, No. 2, pp. 270-278, 2009. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2702.2008.02555.x
  3. H. Y. Jung, "The Convergence Influence of Life Stress, Depression and Ego Resiliency on College Life Adaptation in Nursing Students", Journal of Digital Convergence, Vol. 14, No. 7, pp. 259-568, 2016. https://doi.org/10.14400/JDC.2016.14.7.259
  4. S. J. Park, B. J. Park, "Relationship of Clinical Practice Stress to Clinical Competence among One College Nursing Students", Korean Journal of Stress Research, Vol. 21, No, 4, pp. 313-322, 2013.
  5. N. H. Jo C. H. Seong, "Effects of Stress and Self-esteem on Depression in Middle-aged Women and Middle-aged Men", Journal of the Korea Convergence Society, Vol. 7. No. 6, pp. 89-97, 2016. https://doi.org/10.15207/JKCS.2016.8.7.089
  6. World Health O. "Pharmacological Treatment of Mental Disorders in Primary Health Care", Geneva: World Health, Organization. 2009.
  7. E. Y. Kim, "A Study on Happiness of Nursing Students", Journal of Digital Convergence, Vol. 15, No. 9, pp. 385-395, 2017. https://doi.org/10.14400/JDC.2017.15.9.385
  8. J. G. Kim, H. S. Park, "The Factors Related to Happiness among Nursing Students", Journal of The Korean Data Analysis Society, Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 545-559, 2015.
  9. J. H. Kim, H. O. Jeon, "Factors Influencing Subjective Happiness in Nursing Students: Focused on Psycho-social Factors", Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing", Vol. 25 No. 2, pp. 123-132, 2016. https://doi.org/10.12934/jkpmhn.2016.25.2.123
  10. Y. S. Kim, M. Y. Han, "Factors Influencing Happiness Index of Nursing Students", Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration, Vol. 21, No. 5, pp. 501-510, 2015. https://doi.org/10.11111/jkana.2015.21.5.501
  11. G. Y. Jo, H. S. Park, "Predictors of Subjective Happiness for Nursing Students", The Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 160-169, 2011. https://doi.org/10.5762/KAIS.2011.12.1.160
  12. W. H. Jun, K. S. Cha, K. L. Lee, "Factors Affecting Subjective Well-being in Nursing Students", Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, Vol.21, No. 2, pp. 276-284, 2015. https://doi.org/10.5977/jkasne.2015.21.2.276
  13. S. H. Kim, S. H. Lee, "The Influence of Job-seeking Stress, Career Decision-making Self-efficacy, Self-esteem and Academic Achievement on Nursing Students' Happiness", Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, Vol. 27, No. 1, pp. 63-72, 2015. https://doi.org/10.7475/kjan.2015.27.1.63
  14. H. S. Park, "Stress, Yangsaeng and Subjective Happiness among Female Undergraduate Nursing Students in the Republic of Korean", J. of the Korea Academic Society of Nursing Education, Vol. 20, No. 4, pp. 471-481, 2014. https://doi.org/10.5977/jkasne.2014.20.4.471
  15. D. Ruiz-Aranda, N. Extremera, C. Pineda-Galan, "Emotional Intelligence, Life Satisfaction and Subjective Happiness in Female Student Health Professionals: The Mediating Effect of Perceived Stress", Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, Vol. 21, No. 2, pp. 106-113, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpm.12052
  16. B. H. Son, Y. M. Kim, I. G. Jun, "A Study on Nursing Students's Job Esteem, Work Values, and Satisfaction of Their Major", Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, Vol. 20, No. 3, pp. 240-249, 2011. https://doi.org/10.5807/kjohn.2011.20.3.240
  17. J. S. Jun, K. H. Shin, W. S. Gim et al., "The Difference of Diabetes Stress on Depression: The Moderating Effects of Individual Variables", Korean Journal of Health Psychology, Vol. 12, No. 4, pp. 851-868, 2007.
  18. M. J. Kim, H. K, Lee, "The Effect of Optimism on Psychological Well-Being: Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies and Social Support as a Mediating Variable", Catholic Journal of Social Science, Vol. 25, pp. 49-67, 2009.
  19. M. E. P Seligman, Authentic Happiness ed. Mulpure Publishing(Gyeonggi-do), 2006.
  20. H. S. Kim, Y. S. Lee, C. S. Kim, "The Effects of Happiness Enhancement Program of College Students: Repeated Measure Mediated Effects of Hardiness and Optimism on Subjective-well being", The Korean J. of Health Psychology, Vol. 15, No. 3, pp. 499-514, 2010. https://doi.org/10.17315/kjhp.2010.15.3.008
  21. K. M. Bellizzi, T. O. Blank, "Predicting Posttraumatic Growth in Breast Cancer Survivors", Health Psychology, Vol. 25, No. 1, pp. 47-56, 2006. https://doi.org/10.1037/0278-6133.25.1.47
  22. S. J. Kim, M. S. Kim, S. H. Yeo, "The Relation of Resilience, Positive Psychological Capital and School Adaptation of Middle School Students of Broken Family", Journal of Digital Convergence, Vol. 14, No. 9, pp. 525-535, 2016. https://doi.org/10.14400/JDC.2016.14.9.525
  23. H. Y. Jung, J. Y. Lee, "The Relationship between Optimism and School Adjustment among Adolescents: The Mediating Effects of Self-efficacy and Stress Coping", The Koran J. of Counseling, Vol. 10, No. 4, pp. 2367-2381, 2009. https://doi.org/10.15703/kjc.10.4.200912.2367
  24. T. Cassidy, M. Giles, M. McLaughlin, "Psychological Capital and Health: A Resource Model of Stress using Structural Equation Modelling", Current Advances in Psychology Research, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 1-7, 2014.
  25. J. S. Park, T. Y. Jung, "Life-stress and Happiness between Protestants and Non-believers in Middle-age: The Moderating Effects of Optimism, Self-regulation, and Religiosity", Korean Journal of Stress Research, Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 31-38, 2011.
  26. J. S. Yoo, S. J. Chang, E. K. Choi, J. W. Park, "Development of A Stress Scale for Korean Nursing Students", Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, Vol. 38, No. 3, pp. 410-419, 2008.
  27. M. F. Scheier, C. S. Carver, M. W. Bridges, "Distinguishing Optimism from Neuroticism(and Trait Anxiety, Self-mastery, and Self-esteem): A Reevaluation of The Life Orientation Test", Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 67, No. 6, pp. 1063-1078, 1994.
  28. S. H. Kim, Psychological Characteristics of Realistic and Unrealistic Optimists. Catholic University, Unpublished master's thesis, 2003.
  29. E. K. Suh, J. S. Koo, "A Concise Measure of Subjective Well-being (COMSSWB): Scale Development and Validation", Korean Journal of Social and Personality Psychology, Vol. 25, No. 1, 95-113, 2011.
  30. R. M. Baron, D. A. Kenny, "The Moderator-mediator Variable Distinction in Social Psychological Research: Conceptual, Strategic, and Statistical Considerations", Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 51, No. 6, pp. 1173-1182, 1986. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.51.6.1173
  31. K. J. Preacher, J. P. Selig, "Advantages of Monte Carlo Confidence Intervals for Indirect Effects, Communication Methods & Measures", Vol. 6, pp. 67-98, 2012. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19312458.2012.679848
  32. P. E. Shrout, N. Bolger, "Mediation in Experimental and Nonexperimental Studies: New Procedures and Recommendations", Psychological Methods, Vol. 7, No, 4, pp. 422-445, 2002. https://doi.org/10.1111/bmsp.12028
  33. A. F. Hayes, K. J. Preacher, Statistical Mediation Analysis with a Multicategorical Independent Variable, Manuscript Submitted for Publication, 2012.
  34. Y. S. Song, "Stressful Life Events and Quality of Life in Nursing Students", Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, Vol. 18, No, 1, pp. 71-80, 2012. https://doi.org/10.5977/jkasne.2012.18.1.071
  35. H. H. Cho, J. M. Kang, "Factors Influencing Clinical Practice Burnout in Student Nurses", Child Health Nursing Research, Vol.23, No.2, pp. 199-206, 2017. https://doi.org/10.4094/chnr.2017.23.2.199
  36. B. J. Park1, S. J. Park, H. N. Cho, "The Relationship between Clinical Practice Stress, Satisfaction of Clinical Practice, Clinical Performance Ability and the Nursing Profession in Nursing College Students", Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, Vol. 17, No. 7 pp. 220-227, 2016. https://doi.org/10.5762/KAIS.2016.17.7.220
  37. K. H. Lee "Mediation Effect of Clinical Practice Satisfaction in the Relationship between Nursing Students' Powerlessness and Nursing Image", Journal of East-West Nursing Research, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 26-34, 2010.
  38. M. S. Lee, K. S. Kim, M. K. Cho, J. W. Ahn, S. N. Kim, "Study of Stress, Health Promotion Behavior, and Quality of Life of Nursing Students in Clinical Practice and Factors Associated with Their Quality of Life", The Journal of Muscle and Joint Health, Vol. 21 No. 2, pp. 125-134, 2014. https://doi.org/10.5953/JMJH.2014.21.2.125
  39. G. Y. Choi "The Relationship between Perceptions of Nursing College Students Regarding Clinical Practice Environment and Related Variables", Korean Journal of Adult Nursing. Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 129-139, 2009.
  40. J. Y. Han, H. S. Park, "Effects of Teaching Effectiveness and Clinical Learning Environment on Clinical Practice Competency in Nursing Students", Journal of Korean Academy Fundamental Nursing, Vol. 18, No. 3, pp. 365-372, 2011.
  41. D. Keith, M. E. P. "Seligman, Is Optimism Heritable?: A Study of Twins", Behavioral Research and Therapy, Vol. 31, No. 6, pp. 569-574, 1993. https://doi.org/10.1016/0005-7967(93)90108-7
  42. J. C. L. Lai, "Dispositional Optimism Buffers the Impact of Daily Hassles on Mental Health in Chinese Adolescents", Personality and Individual Differences, Vol. 47, No. 4, pp. 247-249, 2009. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2009.03.007
  43. J. W. Lee, "The Relationship among Daily Stress, Optimism and Psychological Well-Being of College Students", The Korean Journal of East West Science, Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 1-17, 2016.