The Effect of Stress on the Happiness Index of Nursing College Students : Focusing on Mediating Effects of Optimism

스트레스가 간호대학생의 행복지수에 미치는 영향 : 낙관성의 매개효과를 중심으로

  • Received : 2017.10.19
  • Accepted : 2017.12.20
  • Published : 2017.12.28


The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of optimism on stress on happiness index. The subjects were 3 and 4 grade students who had clinical practice experience among 3 nursing students at G university, and 362 questionnaires were used as research data. The data analysis used regression analysis, SPSS macro and bootstrapping methods to examine the mediating effects of optimism on college students' stress and happiness. The results showed that stress, happiness, and optimism were significantly correlated, and stress had a direct effect on college students' happiness. In other words, the higher the level of stress, the lower the happiness index of college students. The optimism was partially mediated between stress and college students' happiness index. Therefore, in order to increase the happiness index of college students, it is necessary to develop and implement a program for happiness enhancement as one of the program strategies that can enhance stress.

본 연구의 목적은 낙관성을 매개로 스트레스가 행복지수에 주는 영향을 파악하고자 하는데 있다. 대상자는 G광역시 소재 3개 대학 간호학과 학생 중 임상실습경험이 있는 3, 4학년을 대상으로 시행하였으며, 362부의 설문지를 연구 자료로 사용하였다. 자료분석은 회귀분석과 SPSS Macro 및 부트스트래핑(bootstrapping) 방법을 이용하여 대학생의 스트레스와 행복감에 있어 낙관성의 매개효과를 검증하였다. 연구결과 스트레스, 행복지수, 낙관성은 유의한 상관관계가 있었고, 스트레스가 대학생의 행복지수에 직접적인 영향을 주었다. 즉, 스트레스의 수준이 높을수록 대학생의 행복지수를 저하시켰다. 낙관성은 스트레스와 대학생의 행복지수 사이에서 부분적으로 매개효과를 보였다. 따라서 대학생의 행복지수를 높이기 위해서는 스트레스 관리와 낙관성을 높일 수 있는 프로그램 전략의 하나로 행복증진 프로그램 개발 및 시행이 요구된다.



Supported by : 광주대학교


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