Analysis of Protective Factors and Risk Factors Affecting School Adjustment of Immigrant Youths: Moderating Effect of Protective Factors

중도입국 청소년의 학교적응에 영향을 미치는 보호요인과 위험요인 분석: 보호요인의 조절효과

  • Lee, Hyoung-Ha (Dept. of Social Welfare, Kwangju Women's University)
  • 이형하 (광주여자대학교 사회복지학과)
  • Received : 2017.10.18
  • Accepted : 2017.12.20
  • Published : 2017.12.28


The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there is a moderating effect of protective factors on risk factors in affecting school adjustment of immigrant youths. For this purpose, this study analyzed 69,720 youths who weighed 6,079 children of youths ages 9-24 among the 2015 National Survey of Multicultural Families. From the results of the analysis, first, the discrimination experience, school violence and depression, which are risk factors of immigrant youths, all had negative effects on school adjustment. Parental relations, self-esteem, Korean language ability, and nationality acquisition, which are protective factors, all had a positive effect on school adjustment. Second, among the three risk factors in the school adjustment of immigrant youths, self-esteem and nationality acquisition variables were analyzed as the protective factors moderating depression, and the protective factors controlling school violence were analyzed as parental relationship, self-esteem, Korean ability and nationality acquisition variables. Based on the results of the analysis, decrease in immigrant youths' depression, coping with academic violence, and development and support of various competency development programs were suggested as major social welfare practices.


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