The Effect of the Cognitive Thinking Trait between Counselor and Client on the Intimacy, Empathy, and Communication Level in the Military Counseling Process

또래상담병을 대상으로 상담자-내담자의 인지사고 특성이 친밀감, 공감, 소통 수준에 미치는 영향

  • Lee, Jung Won (Dept. of Military and Police Counseling, Seoul Cyber University)
  • 이정원 (서울사이버대학교 군경상담학과)
  • Received : 2017.10.16
  • Accepted : 2017.12.20
  • Published : 2017.12.28


The purpose of this study was to investigate the difference of counselor-client's intimacy, empathy, and communication level when cognitive thinking trait between counselor and client is the same or not. For this purpose, 70 peer counselors of the S division conducted counseling training for 10 hours with 6 hours of education and 4 hours of practice. All counseling sessions were preceded by APL cognitive test, divided into two cognitive trait, followed by counseling with the same cognitive trait for two hours, and with a different cognitive for two hours. After each session, questionnaires were conducted. The results of this study showed that intimacy, empathy and communication level were significantly higher in counseling with the same trait as counselors than different. The results of this study are verifying the difference of the cognitive trait of the counselor and the client among the variables of the counselors influencing effect in the counseling process. Suggesting the importance of a counseling plan that takes into account the self-understanding of counselor and the trait of the client. Finally, the points of this study were discussed.


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