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A proposal for empowering slum dwellers as a viable way of addressing urbanization challenges in Katanga slum, Kampala, Uganda

  • Omulo, Godfrey (Department of Agricultural and Bio-systems Engineering, Makerere University) ;
  • Muhsin, Musinguzi (Department of Human Nutrition, Makerere University) ;
  • Kasana, Ismail (Department of Human Nutrition, Makerere University) ;
  • Nabaterega, Resty (Department of Agricultural and Bio-systems Engineering, Makerere University)
  • Received : 2017.01.31
  • Accepted : 2017.06.06
  • Published : 2017.12.31

Abstract

Slum settlement, a direct result of the rapid worldwide urbanization is a common site in most developing countries. Uganda is among the top African countries with high number of slums. The status of Katanga slum located in the low-lands between Mulago national hospital and Makerere University is a typical of many other slums within Uganda. This project proposal seeks to tackle urbanization challenges by specializing in slum upgrading as a sustainable way of curbing the menace. An integrated toilet, biogas, poultry and backyard gardening project is proposed as a channel of boosting the Katanga slum dwellers' economic, sanitation and domestic energy status. Designed to serve up to 30 households, the project will utilize residual wastes from poultry houses and toilets to produce biogas and slurry. The biogas yield will provide clean cooking fuel and energy for lighting, while the slurry used as organic fertilizers to improve vegetable yields. The social, economic and environmental impacts of the project will empower the vulnerable women and children within the slums and reduce water pollution and land degradation. This affordable project can be applied in developing countries experiencing slum settlement challenges as a strategy for reducing urbanization pressure.

Keywords

Backyard gardening;Biogas;Energy status;Pollution;Slum;Urbanization

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