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Adsorption of ammonia using mesoporous alumina prepared by a templating method

  • Yeom, Changjoo (Department of Chemical Engineering, Kwangwoon University) ;
  • Kim, Younghun (Department of Chemical Engineering, Kwangwoon University)
  • Received : 2017.04.10
  • Accepted : 2017.06.06
  • Published : 2017.12.31

Abstract

Ammonia, $NH_3$, is a key chemical widely used in chemical industries and a toxic pollutant that impacts human health. Thus, there is a need for the development of effective adsorbents with high uptake capacities to adsorb $NH_3$. An adsorbent with a high surface area and a small pore size is generally preferred in order to have a high capacity for the removal of $NH_3$. The use inorganic nanoporous materials as gas adsorbents has increased substantially and emerged as an alternative to zeolite and activated carbon. Herein, mesoporous alumina (MA) was prepared and used as an $NH_3$ adsorbent. MA showed good pore properties such as a uniform pore size and interlinked pore system, when compared to commercial adsorbents (activated carbon, zeolite, and silica powder). MA has free hydroxyl groups, serving as useful adsorption sites for $NH_3$. In an adsorption isotherm test, MA exhibited 4.7-6.5 times higher uptake capacities for $NH_3$ than commercial adsorbents. Although the larger surface areas of adsorbents are important features of ideal adsorbents, a regular and interlinked adsorbent pore system was found to be a more crucial factor to adsorb $NH_3$.

Keywords

Adsorbents;Ammonia;Mesoporous alumina;Nanopore;Toxic gases

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Korea Environmental Industry and Technology Institute, National Research Foundation of Korea

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