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The Converging Effects of Complete Science Subjects in High School on the Grades of Basic Nursing Sciences and Major Nursing Subjects of Nursing Students of one University

고등학교 과학과목 이수가 일 대학 간호학생의 기초간호과학 및 전공간호학성적에 미치는 융합적 효과

  • Received : 2016.08.29
  • Accepted : 2016.10.20
  • Published : 2016.10.31

Abstract

This study is to find the converging effects of the Complete Sciences Subjects(CSS) in high school before entrance to University on the scores of Basic Nursing Sciences(BNS) and Major Nursing Subjects(MNS) of 111 senior nursing students of one university. Using the SPSS 19.0, t-test, Pearson's correlation coefficient, multiple and simple linear regression were carried out. The mean scores of the groups that have completed the subjects of Biology I & II, Chemistry I & II were high on Anatomy, Physiology and Pathology. There was a significant difference between the group of completed Biology II and incompleted Biology II on the mean scores of MNS(p<.05). There were positive correlations between the CSS and the scores of BNS and MNS, a moderate correlation between Chemistry II and BNS(r=.303) and a strong correlation between BNS and MNS(r=.796). Explanation rate of CSS on the scores of BNS, and MNS were 18.2%, 8.2% respectively, and on the scores of BNS on MNS was 63.8%. The result of this study can be used in assessing university entrance procedure after repeated study, extended location and more participants, and to use for making pre-school program for the freshmen who didn't CSS.

본 연구는 고등학교과학과목(이하, 과학과목)이수가 대학 입학 후 기초간호과학과 전공간호학성적에 미치는 융합적 효과를 조사하기 위해 일 대학 간호학과 4학년 111명 대상으로 시도되었다. SPSS 19.0으로 t 검정, Pearson 상관계수, 다중 및 단일회귀분석을 시행한 결과, 생물I, 생물II, 화학I, 화학II이수집단의 해부학, 생리학, 병리학 평균이 유의하게 높았고, 생물II 이수집단의 전공간호학평균이 유의하게 높았으며, 과학과목이수와 기초간호과학 및 전공간호학 간, 화학II 이수와 기초간호과학 간, 기초간호과학과 전공간호학 간 양의 상관관계가 있었다. 과학과목이수의 기초간호과학, 전공간호학에 대한 설명력은 각각 18.2%, 8.6%이었고, 기초간호과학의 전공간호학에 대한 설명력은 63.8%였다. 이 연구결과는 대상과 지역을 확대하여 반복연구 후 입학사정 시 참고자료로 활용될 수 있고, 입학 전 과학과목을 이수하지 않은 신입생의 기초간호과학의 효과적인 수강을 위한 준비프로그램의 기초자료로 사용될 수 있을 것이다.

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