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Xanthomonas euvesicatoria Causes Bacterial Spot Disease on Pepper Plant in Korea

  • Received : 2016.01.17
  • Accepted : 2016.04.04
  • Published : 2016.10.01

Abstract

In 2004, bacterial spot-causing xanthomonads (BSX) were reclassified into 4 species-Xanthomonas euvesicatoria, X. vesicatoria, X. perforans, and X. gardneri. Bacterial spot disease on pepper plant in Korea is known to be caused by both X. axonopodis pv. vesicatoria and X. vesicatoria. Here, we reidentified the pathogen causing bacterial spots on pepper plant based on the new classification. Accordingly, 72 pathogenic isolates were obtained from the lesions on pepper plants at 42 different locations. All isolates were negative for pectolytic activity. Five isolates were positive for amylolytic activity. All of the Korean pepper isolates had a 32 kDa-protein unique to X. euvesicatoria and had the same band pattern of the rpoB gene as that of X. euvesicatoria and X. perforans as indicated by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. A phylogenetic tree of 16S rDNA sequences showed that all of the Korean pepper plant isolates fit into the same group as did all the reference strains of X. euvesicatoria and X. perforans. A phylogenetic tree of the nucleotide sequences of 3 housekeeping genes-gapA, gyrB, and lepA showed that all of the Korean pepper plant isolates fit into the same group as did all of the references strains of X. euvesicatoria. Based on the phenotypic and genotypic characteristics, we identified the pathogen as X. euvesicatoria. Neither X. vesicatoria, the known pathogen of pepper bacterial spot, nor X. perforans, the known pathogen of tomato plant, was isolated. Thus, we suggest that the pathogen causing bacterial spot disease of pepper plants in Korea is X. euvesicatoria.

Keywords

bacterial spot disease;pepper plants;re-identification;Xanthomonas euvesicatoria

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  1. Diagnosis of plant diseases using the Nanopore sequencing platform pp.00320862, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1111/ppa.12957
  2. Molecular methods for diversity assessment among xanthomonads of Bulgarian and Macedonian pepper vol.49, pp.15178382, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bjm.2017.08.011

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Animal and Plant Quarantine Agency, Chungbuk National University