DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

A Study on the Development of the Charcoal with Low Carbon Monoxide Emission using Biomass Combustion Improver

바이오매스 조연제를 이용한 CO저감형 착화탄 개발에 대한 연구

  • Kim, Seunghee (Graduate School of Mechanical Engineering, Pusan Nat'l Univ.) ;
  • Lee, Yeonkyung (Graduate School of Mechanical Engineering, Pusan Nat'l Univ.) ;
  • Lee, Junseok (Pusan Clean Coal Center, Pusan Nat'l Univ.) ;
  • Jeon, Chunghwan (School of Mechanical Engineering, Pusan Nat' Univ.)
  • 김승희 (부산대학교 기계공학부 대학원) ;
  • 이연경 (부산대학교 기계공학부 대학원) ;
  • 이준석 (부산대학교 화력발전에너지 분석기술센터) ;
  • 전충환 (부산대학교 기계공학부)
  • Received : 2016.05.17
  • Accepted : 2016.09.19
  • Published : 2016.09.30

Abstract

In this study, a method for CO reduction using char-coal combustions was developed with lignin and glycerin as combustion improvers. The relationship between CO emission and the combustion improvers was confirmed by measuring the CO concentration. The experiment to determine the combustion characteristics was conducted using glycerin, which shows high combustibility at low temperatures, impregnated with lignin, which has a specific surface area. The combustibility, volatility, and CO concentration were measured using thermo-gravimetric analysis(TGA), and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(GC-MS). This study presents the optimal CO reduction ratio, which occurred when the combustible material contained a 20% blend of combustion improvers. This resulted in a 20-30% CO reduction rate compared to that achieved with normal char-coal.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 보건복지부

References

  1. Statistics Korea, 2012, National mortality data 2011, Seoul: Statistics Korea
  2. Yonhapnews, 2013, http://www.yonhapnews.co.kr/bulletin/2013/06/04/0200000000AKR20130604154200004.HTML?from=search
  3. Ahn HJ, 2006, Research on waste wood recycle promotion plan, Seoul: National Assembly
  4. Mott JA, Wolfe MI, Alverson CJ, Macdonald SC, Bailey CR, Ball LB, et al., 2002, National vehicle emissions policies and practices and declining US carbon monoxide-related mortality, JAMA, Vol. 288, pp. 988-995 https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.288.8.988
  5. Vossberg B and Skolnick J, 1999, The role of catalytic converters in automobile carbon monoxide poisoning: a case report, Chest, Vol. 115, pp. 580-581 https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.115.2.580
  6. Myles D. Bohon, Brian A. Metzger, William P. Linak, Charly J. King, William L. Roberts, et al., 2011, Glycerol combustion and emissions, Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Vol 33, pp. 2717-2724
  7. Jong-Soo Bae, Dong-Wook Lee, Young-Joo Lee, Se-Joon Park, Jai-Chang Hong, et al., 2013, Production of the glycerol-impregnated hybrid coal and its characterization, Fuel, Vol. 188, No. 15, pp. 33-40
  8. Ramesh K. Sharma, Jan B. Wooten, Vicki L. Baliga, Xuehao Lin1, W. Geoffrey Chan, Mohammad R. Hajaligol, et al., 2004, Characterization of chars from pyrolysis of lignin, Fuel, Vol. 83, pp. 1469-1482 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2003.11.015
  9. Wei-Hsin Chen, Po-Chih Kuo, 2011, Isothermal Torrefaction kinetics of hemicellulose, cellulose, lignin and xylan using thermogravimetric analysis, energy, Vol. 36, pp. 6451-6460 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2011.09.022
  10. Lee Dong-Wook, Jong-Soo Bae, Young-Joo Lee, Park Se-Joon, Hong Jai-Chang, Lee Byoung-Hwa, Jeon Chung-Hwan, et al., 2013, Two-in one fuel combining sugar cane with low rank coal and its CO2 reduction effects in pulverized-coal power plants, Environ Sci Technol, Vol. 47, No. 3, pp. 1704-1710 https://doi.org/10.1021/es303341j
  11. Goldstein M, 2008, Carbon monoxide poisoning, Journal of Emergency Nursing, Vol. 34, No. 6, pp. 538-542 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jen.2007.11.014
  12. Struttmann T, Scheerer A, Prince TS, Goldstein LA, et al., 1998, Unintentional carbon monoxide poisoning from an unlikely source, The Journal of the American Board of Family Practice, Vol. 11, No. 6, pp. 481-484 https://doi.org/10.3122/jabfm.11.6.481