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A Study of Institutional Status of Risk Management for Radiotherapy in Foreign Country

  • Lee, Soon Sung (Radiological & Medico Oncological Sciences, University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Shin, Dong Oh (Department of Radiation Oncology, Kyung Hee University Hospital) ;
  • Ji, Young Hoon (Radiological & Medico Oncological Sciences, University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Kim, Dong Wook (Department of Radiation Oncology, Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong) ;
  • An, Sohyoun (Department of Radiation Oncology, School of Medicine, Yonsei University) ;
  • Park, Dong-Wook (Department of Radiation Oncology, Inje Ilsan Paik University Hospital) ;
  • Cho, Gyu Suk (Division of Medical Radiation Equipment, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences) ;
  • Kim, Kum-Bae (Radiological & Medico Oncological Sciences, University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Koo, Jihye (Department of Bio-Convergence Engineering, Korea University) ;
  • Oh, Yoon-Jin (Research Institute of Clinical Medicine, Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong) ;
  • Choi, Sang Hyoun (Radiological & Medico Oncological Sciences, University of Science and Technology)
  • Received : 2016.09.07
  • Accepted : 2016.09.22
  • Published : 2016.09.30

Abstract

With the development in field of industry and medicine, new machines and techniques are being launched. Moreover, the complexity of the techniques is associated to an increasing risk of incident. Especially, a small error in radiotherapy can lead to a serious patient-related incident, risk management is necessary in radiotherapy in order to reduce the risk of incident. However, in field of radiotherapy, there are no legally binding clauses for risk management and there is an absence of risk management systems at an institutional level. Therefore, we analyzed institutional status of risk management, reporting & classification systems, and risk assessment & analysis in 31 countries. For risk management and reporting systems, 65% of countries investigated had legislation or regulations; however, only 35% of countries used classification systems. It was found that 43% more countries had legislation for risk management in healthcare than those for radiotherapy; 19% more countries had reporting systems for healthcare than those for radiotherapy. For classification systems, 60% more countries had legislation, recommendation, and guidelines in the field of radiotherapy than those for healthcare. Recently, international institutes have published several reports for risk management and patient safety in radiotherapy, owing to which, countries adopting risk management for radiotherapy will gradually increase. Before adopting risk management in Korea, we should precisely understand the procedures and functions of risk management, in order to increase efficiency of risk management because classification & reporting system and risk assessment & analysis are connected organically, and institutional management is needed for high quality of risk management in Korea.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Korea Foundation of Nuclear Safety (KOFONS), Nuclear Safety and Security Commission (NSSC)

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