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Genetic Diversity and Phylogenetic Analysis of South-East Asian Duck Populations Based on the mtDNA D-loop Sequences

  • Sultana, H. (Division of Animal and Dairy Science, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Seo, D.W. (Division of Animal and Dairy Science, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Bhuiyan, M.S.A. (Department of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Bangladesh Agricultural University) ;
  • Choi, N.R. (Division of Animal and Dairy Science, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Hoque, M.R. (Genetbio Inc.) ;
  • Heo, K.N. (Poultry Science Division, National Institute of Animal Science, RDA) ;
  • Lee, J.H. (Division of Animal and Dairy Science, Chungnam National University)
  • Received : 2015.12.15
  • Accepted : 2016.03.21
  • Published : 2016.12.01

Abstract

The maternally inherited mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) D-loop region is widely used for exploring genetic relationships and for investigating the origin of various animal species. Currently, domestic ducks play an important role in animal protein supply. In this study, partial mtDNA D-loop sequences were obtained from 145 samples belonging to six South-East Asian duck populations and commercial duck population. All these populations were closely related to the mallard duck (Anas platyrhynchos), as indicated by their mean overall genetic distance. Sixteen nucleotide substitutions were identified in sequence analyses allowing the distinction of 28 haplotypes. Around 42.76% of the duck sequences were classified as Hap_02, which completely matched with Anas platyrhynchos duck species. The neighbor-joining phylogenetic tree also revealed that South-East Asian duck populations were closely related to Anas platyrhynchos. Network profiles were also traced using the 28 haplotypes. Overall, results showed that those duck populations D-loop haplotypes were shared between several duck breeds from Korea and Bangladesh sub continental regions. Therefore, these results confirmed that South-East Asian domestic duck populations have been domesticated from Anas platyrhynchos duck as the maternal origins.

Keywords

Duck Populations;D-loop Region;Haplotype;Mitochondrial DNA;Phylogeny

Acknowledgement

Supported by : RDA

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