A Basic Study on the Characteristics of Traditional Garden Landscapes of Inner Mongolia

  • Jo, Hyun-Ju (East Coast Life Sciences Institute, Gangneung-Wonju National University) ;
  • Lu, Dan (Department of Environmental Landscape Architecture, Gradaute School, Gangneung-Wonju National University)
  • Received : 2016.09.14
  • Accepted : 2016.10.17
  • Published : 2016.10.31


In order to preserve the traditional garden landscape and maintain the harmony between traditional and modern gardens of Inner Mongolia, this study theoretically examined the creation and background elements of Inner Mongolia, and reviewed the nature of the people and the traditional design elements. The results of this study show that: 1) the background factor of traditional garden landscapes was nomadic life in plains, which was a lifestyle of adapting to Mother Nature and promoting mutual existence and survival; 2) Shamanism impacted the views of nature among the ancient Inner Mongolian people; 3) traditional garden landscapes could be categorized into landscapes centered around Mother Nature during the Huns era and those centered around the symbolic landscape during the Genghis Khan era; 4) aesthetic elements of traditional garden landscapes included traditional colors of red, yellow, sky-blue, milky-white, and traditional patterns of external knot, cloud, bull horn, and plain grass. These findings may provide basic data for the creation background and characteristics of traditional garden landscape of Inner Mongolia in the application of the green space design of Inner Mongolia.


Inner Mongolian;Traditional landscape;Nomadic life;Mother-Nature;Colors and designs


  1. Dai, Q., 1996, The mathematical culture in the Mongolian traditional lives, J. Philos. Soc. Sci., Inner Mongolia normal U., 2, 42-44.
  2. Han, B. D., 2006, Lecture of Chinese Architectural Culture, Shanghai Joint Publishing Press, Beijing, 32.
  3. Hu, R. L. S., 2005, Chinese Mongolian culture research at the turn of the century, J. Mongolian U., 3, 8-9.
  4. Jeong, J. H., 2008, Migration and settlement of nomadic tribes in north Asia, Jo. Asia Hist. Stud., 103, 87-116.
  5. Kim, S. B., Ryu, Y. S, 2006, The significance of landscape architecture in the traditional rural community forest, Keimyung J. Korean Stud., 33, 113-152.
  6. Korea Institute of Traditional Landscape Architecture, 2011, Culture and History of Oriental Landscape Architecture, Daega Publishing, Goyang, 535.
  7. Lee, M., 2013, A comparative study of the characteristics of naturalization of the traditional Won-Lim of Korea and China, Proceedings of Korean Institute of Interior Design, Seoul, 15(1), 34-39.
  8. Lee, S., 2012, Crisis construction in the inner Mongolia grassland and the controversy of desertification: The emergence of grassland chicken farming, J. Korean Geogr. Soc., 47(6), 836-852.
  9. Lee, T. S., 2012, A study on the issues of ethics minorities in China: Focused on the cases of resistance and assimilation, J. Humanist. Res. Ins., Gyungnam U., 30, 269-291.
  10. Lee, S. H., 2011, A study of the tourism resources and regional change of Zhenglan Qi, inner Mongolia (Neimenggu), J. Photo Geogr., 21(4), 177-185.
  11. Li, T., Zhou, J., 2012, A Study of the custom called color reverence's influence on the Mongolian urban building color: A case study of the Mongolian capital Ulan Bator, J. Xi-an U. Archit. & Technol., 6, 58-63.
  12. Ma, Y. M., 1997, Dictionary of Inner-Mongolia Resources, Inner-Mongol People's Publshing House, 4-55.
  13. Meng, C. B., 1999, Prairie Civilization and Human History, The International Culture Publishing Center, Beijing. 385.
  14. Rene Grousset, F., 2007, The Empire of the Steps - A History of Central Asia, Commercial Press, Beijing, 718.
  15. Yu, D. J., 2007, The secret history of the Mongols, Hebei People's Publishing House, 324.