Analysis of the Factors Affecting on Internal Population Migration in Seoul Metropolitan Area

수도권 도시유형별 내부 인구이동 영향요인 분석

  • Received : 2016.07.01
  • Accepted : 2016.09.09
  • Published : 2016.09.30


Seoul Metropolitan Area has been changed by fierce internal migration during the last several decades. To determine the regional structure, we analyzed the in-and-out migration pattern and main factors affecting the intense of mobility. The migration within metropolitan city and province shows that in Seoul, Songpa and Dobong Gu gained a large population, in Incheon, Namdong Gu experienced a huge population influx, and in Gyeonggi Province, Hwasung, Yongin and Paju city gained a great population. In Seongnam, Suwon city lost a lot of population. These population gains and losses came from mainly residential redevelopment projects in the metropolitan city and new land development projects in Gyeonggi Province. The main factors affecting the intense of mobility diverse from city characters. In central type cities, house price gets the more population influx. In job-housing balanced cities, total income growth rate, housing supply rate and roads cause in-migration. In bed-town type cities, the increase of housing supply rate and parks increase the population. In suburban type cities, business density, housing supply rate, housing, subway station number and educational facilities increase population from outside the city. So, we have to prepare more detailed urban and housing policy responses.


Migration;Migration Factor;Seoul Metropolitan Area;Urban Type


  2. Korea Planning Association, Urban Planning Theory, Bosenggak, 2010.
  3. Kim, Hong-Bae, Lee, Chang-Woo, "Development of a Migration forecasting Model with Regional Utility Using ANP Method", Journal of Korea Planning Association, vol. 44, no. 7, pp. 61-70, 2009.
  4. Kim, Hyeong-Ki, "A Estimation of Convergent Population in South Korea", Journal of Korea Planning Association, vol. 44, no. 7, pp. 185-199, 2009.
  5. Kim, Kwang-Sik, "Measurement and Analysis of Seoul's Urban Form", Journal of Korea Planning Association, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 99-118, 1986.
  6. Kim, Hong-Bae, Kim, Jae-Koo, Lim, Byung-Chul, "Model Development for forecasting Regional Population: Using Cohort-Component Method and Markov Chain Model", Journal of Korea Planning Association, vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 139-146, 2009.
  7. William H. Frey, "Population movement and city-suburb redistribution: an analytic framework", Demography 15, no. 4, pp. 571-588, 1978. DOI:
  8. Tony Champion, "The continuing urban-rural population movement in Britain: trends, patterns, significance", Space Populations Societies 1, no. 2, pp. 37-51, 2001. DOI:
  9. Kim, Keoung-Su, Yim, Ha-Kyoung, "An the Study for Analyzing Determinants of Residential Mobility Between Different Size of Regions in Dongnam Distributionket", Journal of Korea Planning Association, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 37-46, 2001.
  10. Jeon, Yu-Shin, "A Study on Population Immigration Effect of different types of Development Project in Kyeonggi-do", Journal of Korea Planning Association, vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 113-123, 2009.
  11. Byung Ho Park, Jun Yong Kim, "An Analysis if the Decline Types of Small-and-Medium Sized Cities in Korea", Journal of the Korean Urban Geographical Society, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 125-137, 2009.
  12. Han, In-Goo, Choi, Bong-Moon, "A Study on Urban Planning in Accordance with Urban Type in the times of Low Population Growth", Journal of the Korean Regional Development Association, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 59-70, 2014.

Cited by

  1. The Impacts of Natural Disasters on Population Outflow: Focusing on the Flood vol.18, pp.7, 2018,