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The Influence of Academic Self-efficacy, and Critical Thinking Disposition on Problem Solving Ability of Nursing Students

간호학생의 학업적 자기효능감과 비판적 사고성향이 문제해결능력에 미치는 영향

  • Kim, Yeonha (Department of Nursing, Daegu Haany University) ;
  • Kim, Yeongah (Department of Nursing, Suseong College)
  • 김연하 (대구한의대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 김영아 (수성대학교 간호학과)
  • Received : 2016.08.24
  • Accepted : 2016.09.09
  • Published : 2016.09.30

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship among the variables and the influence of academic self-efficacy and critical thinking disposition on the problem solving ability of nursing students. A descriptive research design was employed in this study. The participants were 404 sophomore nursing students in D city, who were surveyed between May 2 and May 20, 2016, using self-report questionnaire. The data were analyzed with SPSS WIN 21.0 using descriptive statistics, ANOVA, t-test, Scheffe test, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple stepwise regression analysis. Significant correlations among the academic self-efficacy, critical thinking disposition, and problem solving ability were found. In academic self-efficacy and critical thinking disposition, there were significant differences in gender, academic credit, interpersonal relationship, and satisfaction with nursing as a major. The problem solving ability showed statistically significant differences in academic credit, interpersonal relationships, and satisfaction with nursing as a major. The regression model explained 51.7% of the effect on the problem solving ability. Academic self-efficacy and critical thinking disposition were factors influencing the problem solving ability of nursing students. Based on these results, to increase problem solving ability of nursing students, it will be necessary to develop an educational program and strategy for improving the academic self-efficacy and critical thinking disposition.

본 연구는 간호학생의 학업적 자기효능감, 비판적 사고성향과 문제해결능력의 정도와 그 관계를 확인하고, 문제해결능력에 미치는 영향을 파악하기 위한 서술적 조사연구이다. 연구대상은 D시의 2학년 간호학생 404명으로, 구조화된 자가보고 형식의 설문지를 이용하여 2016년 5월 2일부터 20일까지 자료를 수집하였다. 수집된 자료는 SPSS WIN 21을 이용하여 빈도와 백분율, ANOVA, t-test, Scheffe test, Person's 상관계수와 multiple stepwise regression로 분석하였다. 연구결과 간호학생의 학업적 자기효능감은 5점 만점에 평균 3.08(0.42)점, 비판적 사고성향은 평균 3.38점(0.38)점이었고 문제해결능력의 총점은 평균 102.42(13.50)점이었다. 학업적 자기효능감, 비판적 사고성향과 문제해결능력 간에는 유의한 상관관계가 나타났다. 학업적 자기효능감은 성별(t=4.53, p=.034), 학점(F=14.42, p<.001), 대인관계(F=8.25, p<.001)와 전공만족도(F=18.42, p<.001)에서 유의한 차이가 있었다. 비판적 사고성향은 성별(t=8.07, p=.005), 학점(F=4.57, p=.011), 대인관계(F=8.82, p<.001) 및 전공만족도(F=13.16, p<.001)에서 유의한 차이를 나타냈다. 문제해결능력은 학점(F=8.58, p<.001), 대인관계(F=6.63, p=.001)와 전공만족도(F=14.20, p<.001)에서 유의한 차이가 있었다. 그리고 간호학생의 문제해결능력에 영향을 미치는 요인은 비판적 사고성향과 학업적 자기효능감의 순으로 나타났고, 설명력은 51.7%이었다. 따라서 간호학생의 문제해결능력을 증진시키기 위해 학업적 자기효능감과 비판적 사고성향의 향상을 위한 교육 프로그램과 전략을 개발하는 것이 필요하다.

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