A Study of Cutter's Expansive Classification

Cutter의 전개분류법에 대한 연구

  • Received : 2016.07.25
  • Accepted : 2016.08.12
  • Published : 2016.08.30


The objective of this study is to analyze the characteristics of Cutter's Expansive Classification. The four elements about classification evaluation were applied to analyze it. Results show that first, from philosophy and religion class to literature class, the order of main classes is logical and evolutionary. Second, the notation is a pure notation including author mark. Third, the classification is expansive from first classification to seventh classification. Science classes were expanded in the second classification comparing to the first classification. From the third classification, all classes were expanded. Fourth, it was applied by the local list to indicate places emphasizing connection of geographical space.


Expansive Classification;Cutter;Library Classification;Library Classification History;Classification Evaluation


Supported by : 강남대학교


  1. 한국도서관협회. 2013. 한국십진분류법. 제6판. 서울: 한국도서관협회. Korean Library Association. 2013. Korean Decimal Classification. 6th ed. Seoul: Korean LibraryAssociation.
  2. Brown, J. D. 1906. Subject Classification: With Tables, Indexes, Etc. for the Sub-Division of Subjects. London: The Library Supply.
  3. Cutter, C. A. 1891-93. Expansive Classification: Part 1: The First Six Classification. Boston:C. A. Cutter.
  4. Dewey, M. 1876. A Classification and Subject Index Cataloguing and Arranging: The Books and Pamphlets of a Library. Kingsport, TN: Kingsport Press. [online]
  5. Miksa, F. L. 1974. Charles Ammi Cutter: Nineteenth-Century Systematizer of Libraries. Ph.D. diss., Graduate Library School, University of Chicago, US.
  6. Sayers, W. C. B. 1915. Canons of Classification: Applied to "The Subject", "The Expensive", "The Decimal", and "The Library of Congress" Classification: A Study in Bibliographical Classification Method. London: Grafton.
  7. Stromgren, P. 2004. Charles Ammi Cutter: Library Systematizer Extraordinaire. Northampton, MA: Forbes Library. [online]
  8. Weihs, J. 2010. "A Brief History of Classification: Part 4." Technicalities, 30(4): 15-18.
  9. Winke, R. C. 2004. "The Contracting World of Cutter's Expansive Classification." Library Resources & Technical Services, 48(2): 122-129.