A Study on Developing of a Leadership Competency Model for Public Library Directors

공공도서관장의 리더십 역량모델 개발에 관한 연구

  • 오지은 (이화여자대학교 대학원 문헌정보학과, 광진정보도서관) ;
  • 정동열 (이화여자대학교 문헌정보학전공)
  • Received : 2016.07.25
  • Accepted : 2016.08.12
  • Published : 2016.08.30


The purpose of this study was to develop a leadership competency model for Korean public library directors which could help the progress of public libraries. Complex methods like contents analysis of precedent studies, FGI with high performers, survey to librarians and directors of public libraries which were affiliated to Seoul Metropolitan Government and validation by specialists were used for this study. As a result, a leadership competency model for Korean public library directors which consists of the 19 components was developed and this model can be used as the criteria for improvement of the leadership competencies of Korean public library directors.


Public Library;Public Library Director;Leadership of Public Library Director;Competency of Public Library Director;Leadership Competency Model for Public Library Director


  1. 문화체육관광부. 2015. 국가도서관통계시스템 홈페이지. 세종: 문화체육관광부. [online] [cited 2015. 10. 13.] Ministry of Culture, Sports & Tourism. 2015. National Library Statistics System Homepage.Sejong: Ministry of Culture, Sports & Tourism. [online] [cited 2015. 10. 13.]
  2. 삼일회계법인. 2001. 정부 역량모델 구축과 시범적용. 서울: 안전행정부. Samil PricewaterhouseCoopers Korea. 2001. Development and Example Application of GovernmentCompetency Model. Seoul: Ministry of Security and Public Administration.
  3. 송혜진. 2011. 경찰서장의 리더십 핵심역량 도출 및 진단도구 개발에 관한 연구. 박사학위논문, 동국대학교 대학원 경찰행정학과. Song, Hey-Jin. 2011. A Study on Development of Questionnaire that Assess the LeadershipCore Competencies of the Police Chiefs. Ph.D. diss., Department of Police Administration, Graduate School of Dongguk University, Korea.
  4. 윤정일 외. 2007. 인간 능력으로서의 역량에 대한 고찰: 역량의 특성과 차원. 교육학연구, 45(3):233-260. Yun, Chung-il et al. 2007. "The Essential Characteristics and Dimensions of Competence asHuman Ability." Korean Journal of Education Research, 45(3): 233-260.
  5. 이군희. 2009. 사회과학 연구방법론. 서울: 법문사. Lee, Gunhee. 2009. Research Methodology of Social Science. Seoul: Bobmunsa.
  6. 이홍민. 2009. 역량평가: 인적자본 역량모델 개발과 역량평가. 서울: 리드리드. Lee, Hong-Min. 2009. Competency Assessment: Competency Modeling and CompetencyEvaluation. Seoul: Readread.
  7. 장덕현, 이연옥, 윤진. 2003. 공공도서관장의 역할과 일상적 직무에 대한 질적 분석. 한국도서관․ 정보학회지, 34(4): 253-270. Chang, Duk-Hyun, Lee, Yeon-Ok and Yoon, Jin. 2003. "Rethinking Public Library Director'sDuties: A Qualitative Approach." Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society, 34(4): 253-270.
  8. 정동열, 조찬식. 2012. 문헌정보학 조사연구법. 서울: 한국도서관협회. Jeong, Dong Youl and Cho, Chan-Sik. 2012. Research Methods in Library and InformationScience. Seoul: Korean Library Association.
  9. 최병순. 2008. 핵심역량 기반 리더십 프로그램의 개발 및 운영 방안. 숙명리더십연구, 7: 189-217. Choi, Byung Soon. 2008. "The Development of a Core Competency-based Leadership Program." Journal of Sookmyung Global Leadership, 7: 189-217.
  10. Ammons-Stephens, S. et al. 2009. "Developing core leadership competencies for the library professions." Library Leadership and Management, 23(2): 63-74.
  11. Bennis, W. and Nanus, B. 1985. Leadership: The Strategies for Taking Charge. NY: Harper & Row.
  12. Bryant, J. and Poustie, K. 2001. Competencies Needed by Public Library Staff. Gutersloh:Bertelsmann Foundation.
  13. Corbus, L. 1998. "Key Attributes for Library Administration." Public Libraries, 37(6): 355-356.
  14. Crismond, L. F. and Leisner, A. B. 1988. "The Top Ten Public Library Leaders: A Survey." Public Libraries, 27(3):122-124.
  15. Dubois, D. D. 1993. Competency-based Performance Improvement: A Strategy for Organizational Change. Amherst, MA: HRD Press.
  16. Garrou, S. M., Nichols, J. and Martin, C. 1996. "The Role of the Public Library Director." Katharine Sharp Review, 2(Winter): 1-8.
  17. Goldhor, H. 1989. "The Head Librarian as Administrator of a Public Library." Illinois Libraries, 71(7): 306-313.
  18. Haycock, K. 2011. "Exemplary Public Library Branch Managers: Their Characteristics and Effectiveness." Library Management, 32(4/5): 266-278.
  19. Hernon, P., Powell, R. R. and Young, A. P. 2003. The Next Library Leadership: Attributes of Academic and Public Library Directors. Westport, CT: Libraries Unlimited.
  20. Hughes, R., Ginnett, R. C. and Curphy, G. J. 2012. Leadership: Enhancing the Lessons of Leadership. 7th ed. Boston: MacGraw-Hill.
  21. Jordan, M. W. 2012. "Developing Leadership Competencies in Librarians." IFLA Journal, 38(1): 37-46.
  22. Lowe, J. A. 1928. Public Library Administration. Chicago, IL: American Library Association.
  23. Lucia, A. D. and Lepsinger, R. 1999. The Art & Science of Competency Models. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
  24. Lynn, M. R. 1986. "Determination and Quantification of Content Validity." Nursing Research, 35(6): 382-386.
  25. McClelland, D. C. 1973. "Testing for Competence Rather than Intelligence." American Psychologist, 28(1): 1-14.
  26. Mullins, J. and Linehan, M. 2006. "Desired Qualities of Public Library Leaders." Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 27(2): 133-143.
  27. Mumford, L. Q. and Rogers, R. D. 1959. "Library Administration in Its Current Development." Library Tends, 7(3): 357-367.
  28. Osborne, R. 1996. "Evaluation of Leadership in Ontario Public Libraries." Canadian Journal of Information and Library Science, 21(3-4): 20-34.
  29. Sager, D. 2001. "Evolving Virtues: Library Administrative Skills." Public Libraries, 40(4):268-272.
  30. Sheldon, B. E. 1992. "Library Leaders: Attributes Compared to Corporate Leaders." Library Trends, 40(3): 391-401.
  31. Spencer, L. M. and Spencer, S. M. 1993. Competence at Work: Models for Superior Performance. NY: John Wiley & Sons.
  32. Usherwood, B. et al. 2001. Recruit, Retain and Lead: The Public Library Workforce Study. Birmingham: The Council for Museums, Archives and Libraries. [online]
  33. White, R. W. 1959. "Motivation Reconsidered: The Concept of Competence." Psychological Review, 66(5): 297-333.
  34. Wood, R. and Power, C. 1987. "Aspects of the Competence-Performance Distinction: Educational, Psychological and Measurement Issues." Journal of Curriculum Studies, 19(5): 409-424.