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Anti-Adipogenic Effects of Ethanol Extracts Prepared from Selected Medicinal Herbs in 3T3-L1 Cells

  • Park, Min-Jun (Department of Food, Nutrition and Biotechnology, Kyungnam University) ;
  • Song, Ji-Hye (Traditional and Biomedical Research Center) ;
  • Shon, Myung-Soo (Department of Food, Nutrition and Biotechnology, Kyungnam University) ;
  • Kim, Hae Ok (Department of Nursing, Kyungnam University) ;
  • Kwon, O Jun (Gyeongbuk Regional Industry Evaluation, Daegyeong Institute for Regional Program Evaluation) ;
  • Roh, Seong-Soo (Department of Herbology, Daegu Haany University) ;
  • Kim, Choon Young (Department of Food and Nutrition, Yeungnam University) ;
  • Kim, Gyo-Nam (Department of Food, Nutrition and Biotechnology, Kyungnam University)
  • Received : 2016.02.16
  • Accepted : 2016.06.23
  • Published : 2016.09.30

Abstract

Obesity is a major risk factor for various metabolic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. In this study, we prepared ethanol extracts from Agastache rugosa (ARE), Chrysanthemum zawadskii (CZE), Mentha arvensis (MAE), Perilla frutescens (PFE), Leonurus sibiricus (LSE), Gardenia jasminoides (GJE), and Lycopus coreanus (LCE). The anti-oxidant and anti-adipogenic effects were evaluated. The $IC_{50}$ values for ascorbic acid and LCE against 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radicals were $246.2{\mu}g/mL$ and $166.2{\mu}g/mL$, respectively, followed by ARE ($186.6{\mu}g/mL$), CZE ($198.6{\mu}g/mL$), MAE ($337.1{\mu}g/mL$), PFE ($415.3{\mu}g/mL$), LSE ($548.2{\mu}g/mL$), and GJE ($626.3{\mu}g/mL$). In non-toxic concentration ranges, CZE had a strong inhibitory effect against 3T3-L1 adipogenes (84.5%) than those of the other extracts. Furthermore, the anti-adipogenic effect of CZE is largely limited in the early stage of adipogenesis, and we revealed that the inhibitory role of CZE in adipogenesis is required for the activation of Wnt signaling. Our results provide scientific evidence that the anti-adipogenic effect of CZE can be applied as an ingredient for the development of functional foods and nutri-cosmetics for obesity prevention.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Korea Small and Medium Business Administration

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