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Effect of Wheat Flour Noodles with Bombyx mori Powder on Glycemic Response in Healthy Subjects

  • Suk, Wanhee (Department of Medical Nutrition, Graduate School of East-West Medical Science, Kyung Hee University) ;
  • Kim, JiEun (Department of Medical Nutrition, Graduate School of East-West Medical Science, Kyung Hee University) ;
  • Kim, Do-Yeon (Research Institute of Medical Nutrition, Kyung Hee University) ;
  • Lim, Hyunjung (Department of Medical Nutrition, Graduate School of East-West Medical Science, Kyung Hee University) ;
  • Choue, Ryowon (Department of Medical Nutrition, Graduate School of East-West Medical Science, Kyung Hee University)
  • Received : 2016.02.29
  • Accepted : 2016.08.18
  • Published : 2016.09.30

Abstract

Recent trial results suggest that the consumption of a low glycemic index (GI) diet is beneficial in the prevention of high blood glucose levels. Identifying active hypoglycemic substances in ordinary foods could be a significant benefit to the management of blood glucose. It has been hypothesized that noodles with Bombyx mori powder are a low GI food. We evaluated GI and changes in postprandial glucose levels following consumption of those noodles and compared them with those following consumption of plain wheat flour noodles (control) and glucose (reference) in healthy subjects. Thirteen males (age: $34.2{\pm}4.5years$, body mass index: $23.2{\pm}1.1kg/m^2$) consumed 75 g carbohydrate portions of glucose and the 2 kinds of noodle after an overnight fast. Capillary blood was measured at time 0 (fasting), 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, 120, and 180 min from the start of each food intake. The GI values were calculated by taking the ratio of the incremental area under the blood glucose response curve (IAUC) for the noodles and glucose. There was a significant difference in postprandial glucose concentrations at 30 and 45 min between the control noodles and the noodles with Bombyx mori powder: the IAUC and GI for the noodles with Bombyx mori powder were significantly lower than those for glucose and plain wheat flour noodles. The wheat flour noodles with Bombyx mori powder could help prevent an increase in postprandial glucose response and possibly provide an alternative to other carbohydrate staple foods for glycemic management.

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