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An Off-site Screening Process for the Public in Radiation Emergencies and Disasters

  • Yoon, Seokwon (National Radiation Emergency Medical Center, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences) ;
  • HA, Wi-Ho (National Radiation Emergency Medical Center, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences) ;
  • Jin, Young-Woo (National Radiation Emergency Medical Center, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences)
  • Received : 2015.12.15
  • Accepted : 2016.09.05
  • Published : 2016.09.30

Abstract

Background: A contamination screening process for the local population in radiation emergencies is discussed. Materials and Methods: We present an overview of the relevant Korean governmental regulations that underpin the development of an effective response system. Moreover, case studies of foreign countries responding to mass casualties are presented, and indicate that responses should be able to handle a large demand for contamination screening of the local public as well as screening of the immediate victims of the incident. Results and Discussion: We propose operating procedures for an off-site contamination screening post operated by the local government for members of the public who have not been directly harmed in the accident. In order to devise screening categories, sorting strategies assessing contamination and exposure are discussed, as well as a psychological response system. Conclusion: This study will lead to the effective operation of contamination screening clinics if an accident occurs. Furthermore, the role of contamination screening clinics in the overall context of the radiation emergency treatment system should be clearly established.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences (KIRAMS)

References

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