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Relationship between the Deposition of Tear Constituents and the Adherence of Candida albicans according to Soft Contact Lens Materials and Pigmentation

소프트콘택트렌즈 재질과 착색에 따른 눈물성분 침착과 칸디다균 흡착의 상관관계

  • Park, So Hyun (Dept. of Optometry, Seoul National University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Kim, So Ra (Dept. of Optometry, Seoul National University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Park, Mijung (Dept. of Optometry, Seoul National University of Science and Technology)
  • 박소현 (서울과학기술대학교 안경광학과) ;
  • 김소라 (서울과학기술대학교 안경광학과) ;
  • 박미정 (서울과학기술대학교 안경광학과)
  • Received : 2016.08.17
  • Accepted : 2016.09.07
  • Published : 2016.09.30

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to figure out how the characteristics of soft contact lens materials and pigmentation affect the adherence of C. albicans on soft contact lenses pre-deposited with tear constituents. Methods: The adherent number of C. albicans on clear soft contact lenses (hereinafter clear lenses) and circle soft contact lenses (hereinafter circle lenses) made of etafilcon A, hilaiflcon B and nelfilcon A, respectively, was measured before and after the deposition of artificial tear. Also, bacteria adherence on lenses were observed by a scanning electron microscope. Results: Adherence of C. albicans was significantly different according to lens materials. The amount of adsorption was not different between clear lenses and circle lenses made of etafilcon A however, the number of bacteria absorption was bigger in hilafilcon B and nelfilcon A lenses. More absorption of C. albicans was found in the non-pigmented central area compared the pigmented area, and non-pigmented peripheral area has more bacterial absorption than non-pigmented central area. The number of C. albicans decreased in the case that tear protein was pre-deposited. The maintenance of antibacterial activity against C. albicans was different according to lens materials thus, etafilcon A has the longest period of its maintenance. Conclusions: It was revealed that the number of C. albicans was different according to the characteristics of lens materials, pigmentation or non-pigmentation, the pigmented area of soft contact lenses. Thus, it is suggested that the management method should be different according to the adsorption characteristics of C. albicans.

Keywords

Clear soft contact lenses;Circle soft contact lenses;Material;Pigmentation;C. albicans;Tear protein;Lysozyme;Scanning electron microscope

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 서울과학기술대학교

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