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Development and Application of Integrated-Simulation Practice Program using Standardized Patients : Caring for Alcoholism with Diabetes Mellitus in the Community

표준화 환자를 활용한 통합시뮬레이션 실습 프로그램 개발 및 적용 -지역사회에 거주하는 당뇨를 동반한 알코올중독대상자 간호-

  • Received : 2016.06.03
  • Accepted : 2016.08.11
  • Published : 2016.08.31

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to develop an integrated-simulation practice program using standardized patients and to identify the effects of such program. The present study used a pretest-posttest design with a single group applied to 30 fourth-year nursing students in a university and developed a case scenario for alcoholism patients with diabetes mellitus in a community. As results showed, communication skills were significantly improved (t = 4.24, p < .001), but the learning of self-efficacy and motivation of transfer were insignificantly improved compared with the pretest. Moreover, motivation of transfer showed a positive correlation with the learning of self-efficacy (r = .758, p < .01). The purpose of utilizing an appropriate case development based on practical experience and hands-grade students was to improve the motivation of transfer and increase self-efficacy through problem solving. Therefore, we identified that an integrated-simulation practice program using standard patients was useful in the improvement of client centered nursing competence, such as communication skills. In addition, further studies would help develop various scenarios for the integrated-simulation practice program to improve not only communication skills but also increase self-efficacy and motivation of transfer.

본 연구의 목적은 간호 대학생을 대상으로 표준화환자를 활용한 통합시뮬레이션실습프로그램을 개발 및 적용하여 그 효과를 평가하기 위함이다. 본 연구는 일 종합대학 간호학과 4학년 30명을 대상으로 한 단일군 사전사후설계로 지역사회에 거주하는 당뇨를 동반한 만성알코올중독대상자 간호를 위한 시나리오를 개발하였다. 연구결과 통합시뮬레이션실습프로그램 후 의사소통 능력은 프로그램 실시 전보다 유의하게 향상하였으나(t=4.24, p<.001) 전이동기와 학습 자기효능감은 프로그램 전과 후를 비교하였을 때 통계적으로 유의한 향상을 나타내지 못하였다. 또한 의사소통능력과 학습자기효능감, 의사소통능력과 전이동기 사이의 상관관계는 유의하지 않았으나, 학습효능감과 전이동기 사이에는 양적 상관관계가 측정되었다(r=.758, p<.01). 이는 학생들의 학년과 실습경험을 바탕으로 한 적절한 사례를 개발하여 적용함으로서 전이동기를 높이고 문제해결을 통한 학습자기효능감을 증가시키는 것을 알 수 있었다. 본 연구를 통해 표준화환자를 활용한 시뮬레이션학습은 의사소통 능력과 같은 대상자중심의 간호능력을 향상시킬 수 있는 통합실습프로그램으로서 유용함을 확인하였으며, 향후 의사소통능력 뿐 아니라 학습 자기효능감과 전이동기의 향상을 위한 다양한 통합시뮬레이션학습 시나리오개발에 관한 연구가 필요하다.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 광주대학교

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