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A Study on the Discriminating Factors of Adolescents' Gambling Addiction: Focusing on Irrational Belief of Gambling, Impulsiveness, and Smartphone Addiction

청소년 도박중독 판별요인 분석 : 비합리적 도박신념, 충동성, 스마트폰 중독을 중심으로

  • Received : 2016.07.20
  • Accepted : 2016.08.11
  • Published : 2016.08.31

Abstract

The main purpose of this study was to verify if irrational belief of gambling, impulsiveness, and smartphone addiction could discriminate adolescents' gambling addiction (addiction risk group, non-addicted group). To this end, a survey was performed targeting 1,420 middle and high school students living in Jeju. In order to examine the differences between irrational belief of gambling, impulsiveness, and smartphone addiction according to gambling addiction, independent sample t-test was conducted, and to determine if irrational belief of gambling, impulsiveness, and smartphone addiction could discriminate gambling addiction, discriminant analysis was conducted. As a result, first, there were significant differences between irrational belief of gambling, impulsiveness, and smartphone addiction according to adolescents' gambling addiction, and all the variables were significantly higher in the addiction risk group than in the non-addicted group. Second, irrational belief of gambling, impulsiveness, and smartphone addiction were important explanatory variables to discriminate between the addiction risk group and the non-addicted group. In addition, as a result of examining the relative importance of the variables, irrational belief of gambling was the most important, followed by impulsiveness and smartphone addiction. Third, a discriminant function consisting of irrational belief of gambling, impulsiveness, and smartphone addiction showed a 62.5% hit ratio. This study specified the determinant factors of gambling addiction, and has presented meaningful basic data for developing programs to prevent adolescents' gambling addiction in the future.

Keywords

Adolescent;Discriminant Analysis;Gambling Addiction;Impulsiveness;Irrational Belief of Gambling;Smartphone Addiction

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Acknowledgement

Supported by : 제주대학교