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Effects of Character, Critical Thinking Disposition and Professional Self-Concept on College Adjustment in Nursing Students

간호대학생의 인성, 비판적 사고성향, 전문직 자아개념이 대학생활적응에 미치는 영향

  • Lim, Mi-Hye (Department of Nursing, Joongbu University)
  • Received : 2016.07.21
  • Accepted : 2016.08.11
  • Published : 2016.08.31

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of character, critical thinking disposition, professional self-concept, and adjustment to college life, as well as to identify the factors influencing the adjustment to college life in nursing students. The study was conducted on 166 nursing students in C and J Provinces, between May 25th and June 10th 2016. The data was analyzed using t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, and multiple regression. The mean score of the adjustment to college life was 3.27 (${\pm}0.56$), character was 4.34 (${\pm}0.59$), critical thinking disposition was 3.48 (${\pm}0.40$), and professional self-concept was 2.76(${\pm}0.32$). There were positive correlations between adjustment to college life and character (r=.512, p<0.001), as well as between critical thinking disposition (r=.508, p<0.001) and professional self-concept (r=.614, p<0.001). The significant factors influencing the adjustment to college life were character, critical thinking disposition, and professional self-concept, which explained 43% of the variance in the adjustment to college life. Based on these findings, programs that develop character, critical thinking disposition, and professional self-concept are necessary for college nursing students in order to promote college adjustment.

본 연구의 목적은 간호대학생의 인성, 비판적 사고성향, 전문직 자아개념, 대학생활적응정도를 알아보고, 간호대학생들의 대학생활적응에 영향을 주는 요인을 파악하는 것이다. 연구대상자는 J와 C도에 소재하는 2개 대학 간호학과 학생 166명이었다. 자료수집을 위한 설문조사는 2016년 5월 25일부터 6월 10일까지 실시하였고, SPSS 21을 사용하여 빈도와 백분율, 평균과 표준편차, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, Multiple regression으로 분석하였다. 연구결과, 간호대학생들의 대학생활적응 정도는 5점 만점에 3.27(${\pm}0.56$), 인성은 6점 만점에 4.34(${\pm}0.59$)점, 비판적 사고성향은 5점 만점에 3.48(${\pm}0.40$), 전문직 자아개념은 4점 만점에 2.76(${\pm}0.32$)이었다. 일반적 특성에 따른 대학생활적응의 차이는 전공만족도(F=18.263, p<0.001)에서 유의한 차이를 보였다. 대학생활적응은 인성(r=.512, p<0.001), 비판적 사고성향(r=.508, p<0.001), 전문직 자아개념(r=.614, p<0.001)과 유의한 순 상관관계에 있었다. 간호대학생의 대학생활적응에 영향을 미치는 요인은 인성, 비판적 사고성향 및 전문적 자아개념임을 확인하였고, 이들 세 변인의 대학생활적응에 대한 설명력은 43%이었다. 본 연구결과에 의하면, 간호대학생의 대학생활적응을 위해서는 인성함양을 위한 프로그램과 개발이 필요하며, 교육과정 내에 간호대학생의 비판적 사고와 전문직 자아개념을 증진시킬 수 있는 교육프로그램 개발이 필요하다.

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