DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

The Relationship among Health Promotion Behaviors, Self-Respect and Life Satisfaction of Middle-aged Men and Women Who use the Life Gym

생활체육관을 이용하는 중년남녀의 건강증진행위, 자아존중감 및 생활만족도와의 관계

  • Received : 2016.07.26
  • Accepted : 2016.08.11
  • Published : 2016.08.31

Abstract

This study was conducted to identify the relationship among health promotion behaviors, self-respect, and life satisfaction of middle-aged men and women who use the life gym. The participants included 208 middle-aged men and women who use the life gym in Korea. The data were collected between July 26 and September 10, 2014, using a self-report questionnaire, and were analyzed by frequencies, t-test, ${\chi}^2$ test, ANOVA, and Pearson's correlation using SPSS Win 18.0. The score for health promotion behaviors was 3.41, with men scoring 3.31 and women scoring 3.47 (t = -2.09, p=.038). Self-realization was the highest and physical activity was the lowest in the sub-region. The score for self-respect was 3.42, with men scoring 3.39 and women scoring 3.34. The life satisfaction score was 3.35, with men scoring 3.34 and women scoring 3.36. Health promotion behavior was positively correlated with self-respect (r = .427, p<.001) and life satisfaction (r= -.760, p<.001). Self-respect showed a significant positive correlation with life satisfaction (r = .469, p<.001). Moreover, higher health promotion behavior resulted in higher self-respect and life satisfaction. Moreover, it was found that higher self-respect led to higher life satisfaction. Therefore, to increase self-respect and life satisfaction of middle-aged men and women, it is necessary to develop and test programs for health promotion behaviors.

Keywords

Health promotion behaviors;Life satisfaction;Middle aged men and women;Self-respect

References

  1. E. T. Oh, H. O. Oh, "Relationship among Mid-life Crisis, Health Promotion Behavior and Life Satisfaction", The Korean Journal of Physical Education, 50(6), pp.325-336. 2011.
  2. N. J. Pender, "Health promotion in nursing practice (3rd ed.)", Stamford, CT: Appleton & Lange, 1996.
  3. Y.S. Kang, M. J. Chung, Y. S. Park, Y. S. Lee, H. S. Kim, D. M. Lee, D. W. Lee, "An Analysis of Articles for Health Promotion Behaviors of Korean Middle-Aged", Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing, 20(1), pp.75-86. 2009.
  4. J. I. Lee, S. Y. Kim, K. S. Seo, "Effects of Self Efficacy, Health Related Hardiness on a Health Promoting Lifestyle of Middle-aged People", The Journal of Korean academic society of nursing education, 13(2), pp.177-183, 2007.
  5. E. Y. Hong, "The Mediating Effect of Self-efficacy in the Relationship between Diabetes Knowledge and Health Promoting Behaviors: Focus on Gender Differentiation", The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, 21(4), pp.509-517, 2015 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5977/jkasne.2015.21.4.509 https://doi.org/10.5977/jkasne.2015.21.4.509
  6. M. J. Kim, K. B. Kim, "Influencing of Psychological Well-Being for the Middle Aged Adults and Elderly", Journal of East-West Nursing Research, 19(2), pp.150-158, 2013. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14370/jewnr.2013.19.2.150 https://doi.org/10.14370/jewnr.2013.19.2.150
  7. Y. J. Yang,, "(The) Effects of Self-esteem and Family Stress on Depression of Middle-aged Couples: Analysis of Actor-Partner Interdependence Model", Unpublished master's thesis, Kyung Hee University, 2012.
  8. H. S. Park, "A Study on the Relationship between Depression, Health Promoting Behavior, Self-Esteem, and Optimism in Middle-aged Women", Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing, 11(3), pp.352-362, 2002.
  9. J. H. Seo, "The Relationship among Health Promoting Behavior, Depression and Life Satisfaction of the Elderly People", Unpublised master's thesis, Seonam University, 2008
  10. F. Faul, E. Erdfelder, A. G. Lang, & A. Buchner, "Statistical power analyses using G*Power 3.1: Tests for correlation and regression analyses", Behavior Research Methods, 41, pp.1149-1160, 2009. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/BRM.41.4.1149 https://doi.org/10.3758/BRM.41.4.1149
  11. S. N. Walker, K. R. Sechrist, N. J. Pender, "The Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile: development and psychometric characteristics.", Nursing Research, 36(2), pp.76-81, 1987. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00006199-198703000-00002
  12. Y. E. Seo, "Health Promoting Lifestyle, Hardiness and Gender Role Characteristics in Middle-Aged Women", Korean journal of women health nursing , 2(1), pp. 119-134, 1996.
  13. M. Rosenberg, "Society and the adolescent self-image", Princeton, NJ: Princeton university press, 1965. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/9781400876136
  14. H. R. Choi, "Stress of korea university and cognitive behavioral counseling", Unpublished doctoral dissertation Ewha Women University, 1986.
  15. J. Yun, "Elderly Life Satisfaction Scale Production Research", Korean Psychological Association, Proceedings, pp.26-30, 1982.
  16. J. I. Kim, M. Y. Park, "The Relationship between Health Promoting Behaviors and Anger in Middle-Aged Men", The Korean journal of fundamentals of nursing, 12(1), pp. 38-45, 2005
  17. J. S. Park, "(A) model for health promoting behaviors in late-middle aged women", Unpublished doctoral dissertation Seoul National University, 1995.
  18. W. M. Wo, " (A) Study on the Factors Affecting Health Promoting Lifestyles of Middle-Aged Men", Unpublished master's thesis, Ewha Womans University, 1994
  19. Y. H. Lee, " Analysis of Influencing Factors on Health Promoting Behavior in Middle-Aged Men",, The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Adult Nursing, 11(3), 1999
  20. A. F Muhlenkamp, J. A. Verran, "Self esteem, social support, and positive health practice", Nurs. Research, 35(6), pp334-338, 1986. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00006199-198611000-00007
  21. Y. J. Lee, J. S. Park, "Relationship between Perception for Successful Aging and Health Promotion Behavior of Late Middle Aged Women", Journal of the Korean Data Analysis Society; 17(2), pp 1073-1086, 2015.
  22. K. J. Lee, J. H. Yu, E. J. Lee " Factors Effecting Health Promoting Behaviors in Middle-Aged Women", Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, 35(3), pp.494-502, 2005. https://doi.org/10.4040/jkan.2005.35.3.494
  23. Y. S. Ju, "Association among Religiosity, Self-Esteem, and Life Satisfaction in Middle Aged Men and Women", Unpublished master's thesis, In Je University, 2013
  24. S. H. Jang, "A Structural Analysis on Middle-aged Adult's Meaning in Life and It's Related Variables", Unpublished doctoral dissertation Catholic University, 2015.
  25. Y. M. Jung, "Life Stress, Coping Behavior, and Life Satisfaction among the Middle-Aged Adults", Journal of the Korean Data Analysis Society, 13(3), pp.1279-1291, 2011.
  26. Y. H. Ko, "Relationship between Expectations regarding Aging and Health Promotion Lifestyle of Physical Activity Participants in Middle Age", Korean journal of physical education, 54(4), pp. 385-395, 2015.
  27. M. L. Kim, D. H. Lee, "Difference in Health Promoting Behaviors and Happiness among Middle- aged Women According to their Regular Excercise Participation and Perception of Health Condition", Korean journal of physical education, 53(2), pp. 175-186, 2014.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 부산여자대학교