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간호대학생의 성인애착과 대학생활적응에서 대인관계능력의 매개효과

The mediating effect of Interpersonal competence between Nursing student's Adult attachment and Adjustment to College life

  • 오은진 (한국국제대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 박순아 (문경대학교 간호학과)
  • Oh, Eun-Jin (Department of Nursing, International University of Korea) ;
  • Park, Sun-Ah (Department of Nursing, Munkyung College)
  • 투고 : 2016.05.31
  • 심사 : 2016.08.11
  • 발행 : 2016.08.31

초록

본 연구의 목적은 간호대학생의 성인애착, 대인관계능력, 대학생활적응 간의 관계를 파악하고, 성인애착과 대학생활적응과의 관계에서 대인관계능력이 매개하는지 알아보기 위함이다. 본 연구대상자는 J시, M시 소재의 간호대학생 685명으로 자료수집 기간은 2015년 11월 1일부터 25일까지 25일간 실시하였다. 수집된 자료는 SPSS 23.0을 이용하여 기술통계, t-test, Pearson correlation coefficients, Hierarchical regression, sobel test로 분석하였다. 연구결과 본 연구대상자의 성인애착은 7점 만점에 회피애착 4.80점(${\pm}0.91$), 불안애착 4.51점(${\pm}0.76$), 대인관계능력은 5점 만점에 3.51점(${\pm}0.49$), 대학생활적응은 5점 만점에 3.15점(${\pm}0.46$)이었다. 간호대학생의 성인애착은 대학생활적응(r=.437, p<.01), 대인관계능력(r=.585, p<.01)과 양의 관계이었고, 대인관계능력은 대학생활적응(r=.355, p<.01)과 양의 관계에 있었다. 성인애착과 대학생활적응과의 관계에서 대인관계능력의 매개역할을 검증한 결과, 간호대학생의 성인애착이 증가할수록 대학생활적응이 높았으며(B=.225, p=.027), 대인관계능력이 증가할수록 대학생활적응이 높고(B=.145, p=.040), 성인애착이 높아짐에 따라 대인관계능력이 높게 나타났다(B=.396, p=.021). 또한, 대인관계능력은 성인애착과 대학생활적응의 관계에서 유의하게 매개역할을 하였다(Z=3.560, p<.001). 이에 대한 설명력은 34.2%이었다. 따라서 간호대학생의 대학생활적응을 높이기 위해서는 성인애착과 대인관계능력을 향상시키는 것이 필요하며, 대학생활적응을 위한 프로그램 개발에 성인애착과 대인관계능력을 포함하여 적용해 볼 것을 제언한다.

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between adult attachment, adjustment to college life, and interpersonal competence in nursing college students and investigate whether or not interpersonal competence mediates the relationship between adult attachment and adjustment to college life. The subjects of this study were 685 college students located in J-si and M-si, and data were collected for 25 days from November 1 through 25, 2015. The collected data were analyzed by t-test, Pearson correlation coefficients, Hierarchical regression, and Sobel test using SPSS 23.0. As adult attachment increased, adjustment to college life was enhanced (B=.225, p=.027); as interpersonal competence increased, adjustment to college life improved (B=.145, p=.040); and as adult attachment increased, interpersonal competence increased (B=.396, p=.021). In addition, interpersonal competence significantly mediated the relationship between adult attachment and adjustment to college life (Z=3.560, p<.001). To enhance adjustment to college life in nursing college students, adult attachment and interpersonal competence need to be improved.

키워드

과제정보

연구 과제 주관 기관 : 한국국제대학교

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