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한국 제칠일 안식일 예수 재림교인과 일반인의 건강행동 비교연구

Comparison of Health Behaviors Patterns between Korean Seventh-Day Adventists and the General Korean Population

  • 임종민 (건양대학교 일반대학원 보건학과) ;
  • 장주동 (건양대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실) ;
  • 이무식 (건양대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실)
  • Lim, Jong-Min (Department of Public Health, The Graduate School, Konyang University) ;
  • Jang, Ju-Dong (Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Konyang University) ;
  • Lee, Moo-Sik (Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Konyang University)
  • 투고 : 2016.04.27
  • 심사 : 2016.07.07
  • 발행 : 2016.07.31

초록

연구목적: 이 연구는 한국의 재림교인과 일반 인구집단간의 생활습관 및 건강행동 비교 분석 연구를 통하여 특성과 관련요인들을 도출하고자 실시하였다. 연구방법: 수도권 지역 만 20세 이상 재림교인 878명과 제4기 2차년도 국민건강영양 조사자료 중에서 수도권 지역 만 20세 이상 3,000명을 대상으로 건강행태와 관련된 건강검진, 흡연, 음주, 신체활동, 주관적 스트레스, 체중관리, 구강건강 관련 항목의 비교는 카이제곱 검정을 사용하였으며, 건강행동에 기여요인을 확인하기 위해 로지스틱회귀분석을 실시하였다. 연구결과: 건강검진율은 재림교인이 일반 인구집단보다 높게 나타났으며(p<0.001), 재림교인은 연령이 낮은 20-30대에서 검진율이 낮게 나타났다(p<0.001). 평생 흡연 경험율 및 현재 흡연율에서 재림교인이 일반 인구집단보다 현저하게 낮게 나타났으며(p<0.001), 재림교인 중 과거 흡연자의 금연 성공율은 매우 높게 나타났다. 음주율에서는 재림교인이 일반 인구집단보다 현저하게 낮게 나타났으며, 재림교인은 신앙기간이 짧을수록 음주를 많이 하는 것으로 나타났으며(p<0.001), 남자가 여자보다 음주율이 높은 것으로 나타났다(p<0.001). 중등도 신체활동 및 걷기 운동에서 재림교인은 일반 인구집단보다 실천율이 높게 나타났으며, 재림교인들의 남자가 여자보다 중등도 신체활동은 높은 것으로 나타났다(p<0.001). 결론: 이상에서 나타난 재림교인들의 건강생활습관에서 흡연 및 음주 등에서는 일반 인구집단에 보다 탁월하게 건강생활을 실천하고 있어 추후 보다 심층적인 추적관찰 연구 등이 필요해 보인다.

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